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A Research on the Development and Difficulties of Social Organizations in the Perspective of Good Governance Theory

Author: ZuoHaiPing
Tutor: MaLiang
School: Zhejiang Technology and Business University
Course: Administration
Keywords: Good governance theory Yuhuan County Socialorganizations Government Difficulties and development
CLC: C912.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2014
Downloads: 8
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Since the1990s, good governance theory has rose unprecedentedly. As one of the frontiers of contemporary social science theories, good governance theory plays an important role in innovating the social management system under the new situation of our country, whose slogan is "party leadership, government responsibility, social coordination, public participation, legal protection". Good governance is a social management process to maximize the public interest. Its essence is to give the power to the people and achieve good interaction of the government, the market and society.Since the reform and opening-up, with the strengthening of the civic awareness and the civil society, the way of the governance has changed from "official standard" to "people standard", and the concept of the governance has changed to "good governance". Only when the government function changed and the multi-dimensional governance realized, can we achieve the "good governance", and respond to the complicated social problems and social needs effectively. Under the background of the social management system innovation, as an important part of the grass-roots social management system, social organization is a necessary means to innovate the social management, and it’s also an effective way to realize "good governance".Yuhuan is a test area of social organizations’ cultivating and developing in Zhejiang. This paper takes an empirical research on the development status of the social organizations in Yuhuan County in the perspective of the good governance theory. It is divided into five parts. The first part is the introduction, which analyzes the background and significance of this research, and summarizes the status of domestic and foreign research on social organizations. It is found that there’re rarely combination of good governance theory and social organization in the existing researches, and the researches are mostly taken in macroscopic and literature view. Under the guidance of good governance theory, this paper attempts to combine the macro, meso and micro angles, and make an analysis on the current development status of social organizations based on the empirical data. The second part introduces the connotation of the good governance theory and the definition of social organization, and specifically analyzes the role and function of social organizations in the perspective of good governance. The good governance theory requires a new cooperation governance model between the government and the citizens, while the social organization is a bridge between them. Taking the ten basic elements of the good governance theory as a starting point, the third part focuses on residents’ cognition and participation to the development of social organization, and discusses the development status of the social organizations. The research shows that, the residents have high identities to the social organizations, while their trust to the social organizations is low. Residents have strong willingness to participate, while they rarely take part in the activities. On the other hand, the importance and justice of the social organization are widely recognized, while it’s still not a fully "self-organization". So the independence, responsibility, information transparency, effectiveness of management, and the responses to the residents of the social organizations are yet to be improved. The fourth part mainly analyses the difficulties and forming reasons of the social organizations. The reasons are mainly the lack of sense of social existence, the nonstandard of the management, the imperfect of the participation and the effect of external policy environment, etc. Under the guidance of the good governance theory, the last fifth part proposes some exploratory measures and recommendations, from the perspective of the government, social organization and the residents. The government should change the idea from the "administrative management" to "multiple governance". The social organization should promote its ability, transforming from "be-organized" to "self-organization". The residents should improve their participation skills, transforming from "individual" participation to "organization" participation. Finally, a new benign interaction between the government, the social organizations and the residents will be realized, which can achieve the real good governance.Now it’s the exploration period for the social administration system innovation and the achievement of the good governance, so the sound development of the social organizations will certainly promote government’s effective governance and residents’good self-government.

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CLC: > Social Sciences > Sociology > Social structure and social relations > Community groups
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