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Layout of Rural Residential Land in the Context of Urbanizatoin

Author: WangYang
Tutor: FuMeiChen
School: Chinese Geology University (Beijing)
Course: Management of land resources
Keywords: rural residential land consolidation potential layout optimization Fengnan
CLC: F301.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 165
Quote: 0
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Abstract


With the fast development of social economy in our country, the social politicaleconomical structures of rural areas have been changed dramatically. However,because of urban and rural dualistic system for a long period of time, the unbalancingof urban and rural areas in our country and the falling behind of rural areas still exist.Scientificly planning new villages is not only the promise of the sustainabledevelopment of the rural areas, but also the powerful support of supplying back-upresources for cities. The social economy of our country is developing dramatically,which makes the pressure of constructed earth demand high. Meanwhile, we are alsofacing the1.8billion mu red line of cultivated land. In the crucial moment ofbalancing eating and building, reasonably planning rural construction land becomesmore important.This paper takes the new round of land use planning as a background and takesFengnan county as an example, technically study and reasonably analyze the majorproblems of rural residential land in land use planning.Variation of time series1997~2009of rural settlement land in Fengnan isanalyzed in this paper. From1997to2009, the sum and per capita of rural settlementland in Fengnan increased with fluctuations, situation of per capita construction landin2009exceed74.73%of the national standards. These cases are closely related tothe level of agricultural productivity and rural socio-economic, degree of urbanizationand government’s macro-control policies.On the basis of analysis the changes in rural population and socio-economic dataover the years, calculate the potential and anticipation of rural residential land basedon the two different major, get the potential value is4995.87hm2, estimate it willdrops to6415.50hm2in2015,6270.00hm2in2020. A certain period in the future, itwill show a increasing trend in a less with continuous improvement of the level ofnational economy development.According to the principle of optimizing layout identified three layout types: into the urban or industrial zone, along the roads laid and move to centralized. TakeWanglan zhuang town as an example, analysis the process of layout in detail andproposed the overall solution. Combined with the previous forecast data of ruralpopulation, it made a further estimation of the scale of rural residential land inFengnan in2020. Meanwhile, the paper particularly discussed the township areawhich involved in central city and coastal industrial zone. Promote the safeguardsabout optimization of rural residential land layout will carrying out smoothly in termsof policy, funding, ownership and human.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > Agricultural economic theory > Land Economics > Land management, planning and
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