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Research on the Innovations of Financing Policy in Hi-tech SMEs of Chinese Minority

Author: XieQiMing
Tutor: LiHongLing
School: Central South University for Nationalities
Course: Administration
Keywords: Ethnic minority areas Hi-tech SMEs Financing Policy
CLC: F275
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 25
Quote: 0
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High-tech SMEs play an irreplaceable role in China’s economy and in technologicalinnovation and technology industry in the long run. According to statistics, there are nearly65%of major technological innovation in the20th century come from tech SMEs, about65%of our patents,80%of industrial innovation from the science and technology SMEs. TechSMEs because of its flexible operational mechanism, grow fast becoming a highlight ofChina’s economic growth. Especially in the economic, cultural underdeveloped minority areas,the technology-based SMEs for the transformation of economic growth mode, expanding thetax increase employment, improve the added value of labor, enhance core competitivenessplays an indispensable role. However, due to the limit of the ethnic regional economic,cultural, scientific and technological development of SMEs is difficult, on the one hand,increasing the amount of money tech SMEs need a critical stage in its growth cycle, on theother hand, the lack of a reasonable policy guide the supply of funds is increasing the flow ofthe developed coastal areas. It can be said that the lack of funds has become the primaryfactor restricting the development of technology-based SMEs in ethnic minority areas.In order to improve the eco-environment of Hi-Tech SMEs in ethnic minority areas, andguide funds allocated on a reasonable basis, SME financing policy to national regionalscientific and technological innovation as topics, from the government point of view, researchtech SMEs development policy options to promote ethnic minority areas in order to enhancetechnological competitiveness of the ethnic minority areas, in response to the strategicobjectives of nation-building in innovative developing countries. In this paper, combing thenational and local policies related to science and technology SMEs pointed out that theexisting financing policies presence of widening financing channels of technology-basedSMEs support, lack of support for the lower tech SMEs financing costs, and thus its reasonswere analyzed. This paper argues that the reason why the existing policies to support minorityareas tech SMEs deficiencies, defects by the enterprises themselves, the supply of capitalmarket bias, capital market development lags behind, the policy system is imperfect,inadequate policy, policy advocacy in place a wide range of causes. Subsequently, throughfield research,200from the High-tech Development Zone of Nanning City, Guangxi ZhuangAutonomous Region tech SMEs to obtain first-hand data, found this article through thecollation of data, the lack of existing financing policy It is caused by three reasons byenterprises, market, policy, and then verify that the foregoing analysis of reasonable. In orderto explore to improve the financing environment for SMEs on national science andtechnology policy approaches, this paper draws on Western developed countries to support thedevelopment of science and technology SME financing policy, summed up the U.S. capital market-based approach, as the representative of Japan, Germany the dominant mode ofcommercial banks and Korea as the representative of the government-led model, and pointedout that these three modes revelation that the policy support system should be commensuratewith its national conditions, improve the credit guarantee financing support policyformulation to support scientific and technological development of SMEs in China Theamplifier system is scientific and technological development of small and medium-sizedenterprises, commercial banks actively involved in scientific and technological developmentof small and medium-sized enterprises boosters, correct positioning of the role of government.Based on the foregoing for the minority areas scientific and technological analysis of thecauses of the financing difficulties with reference to the Western experience of developedcountries, this article from the government point of view policy as a means to support scienceand technology SME financing, need to do the following: First, the economy The slowdevelopment of ethnic minority areas to implement a special fiscal and monetary policies.Specific measures include: increased tax support of technology-based SMEs; increase riskinvestment tax incentives; strengthen tax regulation of the industry structure adjustment andindustrial restructuring; tech SMEs to implement preferential monetary policy. Second,improve the support of science and technology loans tech SMEs. Specific measures include:Technology and the tech SMEs cycle match lending model; strengthen commercial banksscience and technology innovation of financial products; improve the policy banks of SMEfinancial support; establishment of science and technology small and medium banks;development of civil science and technology loans financial leasing. Third, build a completecapital market financing. Specific measures include: to promote the the GEM building;establishment of over-the-counter market. Fourth, strengthen the financial support of venturecapital for technology-based SMEs, specific measures include: effective combination of thegovernment’s public venture capital and private venture capital; widening the sources ofventure capital funds; improve the venture capital exit mechanism. Fifth, improve theself-construction of technology-based SMEs. Specific measures include: to improveenterprise management level; improve the corporate financial system; strengthen the sense ofintegrity.Government perspective tech SMEs financing environment policies and measures toimprove the ethnic minority areas, which has a certain reference value for the national techSMEs in the study of the status quo and the current policy shortcomings. However, due to thelimitations of the theory and practice, there are still some shortcomings in the breadth anddepth of the research, such as countermeasures to support the national scientific andtechnological development of SMEs is carried out based on the outstanding problems thatexist in the practice of the surveyed enterprises, their real value and effectiveness has yet to be the test of practice, which is the rest of this study should be in-depth and comprehensivecontent.

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