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Study on the Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on China’s Foreign Trade Development Pattern Conversion

Author: WangCaiXia
Tutor: WangSuQin
School: Nanjing University of Finance and Economics
Course: International trade
Keywords: Foreign direct investment Foreign Trade development Pattern Conversion
CLC: F832.6
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 2
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Since the reform and opening up, the utilization of foreign capital of china hasmade great achievement. The actual utilization of foreign capital has reached$105.74billion in2010. With the increase of annual foreign direct investment, it promotes thedevelopment of China’s foreign trade, expanding the scale of China’s foreign trade.And commodity structure of foreign trade has been gradually optimized. But it shouldalso be noted that a larger proportion of foreign direct investment, influxes in lowvalue-added processing industry. China’s long-term low-end production processes inthe global value chain and it weaks the competitiveness of foreign trade, which is notconducive to the mode of foreign trade development. There is a gap in environmentalstandards between developed countries and developing countries, and multinationalcompanies in developed countries for their own interests to maximizing transferpollution-intensive industries to developing countries, which is not conducive to thesustainable development of foreign trade in developing countries. How the impact ofFDI on the foreign trade development mode in the end, if we can solve the problem, itwill be goog for formulating a rational foreign policy and foreign trade developmentmode transformation in China will play a positive role in support.This study is based on the perspective of the foreign direct investment andforeign trade development mode. We analyze the impact of the foreign investment onthe foreign trade development mode, which is based on foreign trade developmentmode theory and foreign direct investment. Building evaluation system of foreigntrade development mode, we use principal component to estimate the level of foreigntrade growth. Then we establish the relevant theoretical models, using Eviewssoftware to do co integration and the method of the least squares linear regression. wefind that the impact of foreign direct investment of foreign trade development mode isnot significant; the smaller technology spillover effects of foreign direct investmentcapital flows into the country; foreign direct investment in capital andtechnology-intensive industries contributes greatly and plays a positive role in thetransformation of the way of foreign trade development.Investment in labor-intensiveand resource-intensive industries have a negative effect on transformation of the wayof foreign trade development.On the basis of the empirical analysis, we made suggestions on how to promotetransformation of the way of foreign trade development by using foreign capital. It includes that guiding foreign investment in a reasonable way, optimizing investmentstructure, encouraging FDI invest to basic industries and high-tech industries; Bybreaking the monopoly of foreign technology, promoting spillover effect of foreigndirect investment; effective use of foreign investment should focus on foreigninvestment and quality

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Finance, banking > China's financial,banking > Exchange rate,foreign financial relations
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