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The Analysis of Public Private Partnerships in Canadian Pension Fund Investments in Infrastructure and Its Enlightenment to China

Author: ShenYuZheng
Tutor: ChenZhiGuo
School: Southwestern University of Finance and Economics
Course: Insurance
Keywords: Pension Funds Infrastructure Public-Private Partnership (PPP)
CLC:
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 298
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Abstract


Mckinsey reported the development and tendency of global infrastructure recently, which forecasted the capital requirements of China would be$16trillion in20years. This number considered the estimated growth of economy and the needs of urbanization in China. Meanwhile, the importance of infrastructure to economics and society was being stressed again in the12th five-year plan of Chinese economy.Infrastructure is appealing to pension funds, because it is barely influenced by economic cycle and anti-inflationary. Otherwise, infrastructure, with a long investment cycle and a high requirement of initial outlay, matches with pension funds. It is a win-win situation.Equities, bonds, trust and project financing are typically financing approaches to infrastructure, however, some of them are restricted in China. BOT. a widely used model of project financing, shows some shortcomings, such as management and risk control. Public-private partnership (PPP) overcomes some of the shortages and ascertains the fair status of government, pension funds and other partnerships, which promotes the market-orient reforms of infrastructure.This article is to explore how pension funds invest in infrastructure in PPP model. After extensive reading of relevant literature and deep understanding of current situation in China, it could be discerned that most of Chinese pension funds could not invest in infrastructure practically. Therefore, this article focus on the practice of PPP in Canadian pension funds investment in infrastructure and its enlightenment to China.This article consists of7chapters:The first chapter mainly introduces the background, meaning, contents and innovations of this research.The second chapter is the literature review. This chapter illustrates the literature of pension funds investment in infrastructure. Moreover, it reviews the literatures of public-private partnership in the above investments.The third chapter describes the theoretical and practical basement of pension funds in infrastructure, including the definition of infrastructure and its investment characteristics, its approaches of financing, and global overview of pension funds investment in infrastructure.The fourth chapter reviews the basic profile of how Canadian pension funds invest in infrastructure in PPP model.The fifth chapter is the analysis of Canadian pension funds investment in infrastructure, including operational mechanism, asset allocation, and indicators of investment performance.The sixth chapter analyzes the risk of Canadian pension funds investment in infrastructure, and put forward the corresponding risk control options.The final chapter is the enlightenment of Canadian case to China. It contains feasibility study, pattern design and strategy suggestion of Chinese pension funds investment in infrastructure.The innovations of this article are introducing the method of case study, focusing on risk analysis and proposition of control options, and also proposing enlightenments to China. However, due to restrictions of practice and law, and lack of practical data, this research leaves something to be done in the future.

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