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Current Situation and Countermeasures of Chinese Technical Standardization

Author: ZhangLi
Tutor: ChenFen
School: Changsha University of Science and Technology
Course: Philosophy of Science and Technology
Keywords: technical standardization current development status countermeasures
CLC: G307
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 39
Quote: 0
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Abstract


With the development of economic globalization, technical standards has become a new international market competition order and the rules of the game, The nation who has owned the market initiative has a standards authority. The dominant technical standard at present on the international market is mostly established by western developed countries, due to technical standards form the characteristics of objectivity, the embedded local specific values, culture and interests. Technical standards of the expansion of the passed not only is the standard of expanding the range of USES, and it is the western dominance in the global economic system and the lay of monopoly advantage. The present international situation, to standardize Chinese technology’s development is facing severe test.In the past the study of standardization of technology, engineering, economics and technology is the main path. Yet economics benefits first engineering and technology determinism narrow conceptions are neglected the complexity of technology standardization, based on the research of this article USES the scientific techno-enabled approach to explore the formation and evolution of the technical standards.Science and technology standardization is a process of socialization bases on the core idea of science and technological constructionism, the each stage of the process might involve political, economic, social and organizational factors, the standard form is through negotiation and relevant interest groups, are not due to a single technology or economic factors.This article clarifies the related concepts of the technical standardization, essential characteristics and functions based on the research of related literature at home and abroad. After further clearing faces of technology standard, and then combed the technology standardization development of China’s history, according to the ideas of the techno-enabled constructivism of science, we will view positioning technology standardization in China, the main factors involved in the development of the government, enterprises, citizens, agent network. Though the analysis of these factors, then find that the role government in the process of standardization is not clear, often leads to excessive intervention, cause enterprise lack of subject status, in addition, the standardized construction consciousness, the standard of the international network, these problems seriously weakened the domestic technical standards in the international market competitiveness. Therefore, based on the guiding ideology of the scientific outlook on development, to seek technical standardized path of development, put forward four countermeasures:all-round development--seek technology standardization operation mechanism which conforms to national conditions; Overall consideration, establishing technical standard alliance; People-oriented, arouse the awareness of technology standardization; Sustainable development, perfect the technical standard of network building.

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