Dissertation > Excellent graduate degree dissertation topics show

Studies on Monitoring Box of Solenopsis Invicta(Hymenoptera: Formicidae)and Its Application in Container Quarantine

Author: FangDongDong
Tutor: YuDaoJian
School: Sun Yat-sen University
Course: Zoology
Keywords: Solenopsis invicta bait monitor quarantine container
CLC: S41-30
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 9
Quote: 0
Read: Download Dissertation


Fire ants (Solenopsis invicta Buren, commonly known as the Red imported fire ant,RIFA) is an invasive organism which is extremely harmful and dangerous.In recent years, in our country ports of Entry-Exit, the living fire ants were intercepted many times from foreign entry quarantine objects, likes as waste papers, logs etc, which are some of the high-risk quarantine objects carrying fire ants. Due to the large size of the waste papers and logs always stored in multi-purpose container, it is very difficult for port workers to inspect, therefore, the goods and transport with fire ants are easily spread. It is urgent to find out an effective trap device which can monitor and ensnare fire ants pests.In this study the bait for monitoring and quarantining of Solenopsis invicta was screened out, a kind of monitor box for port quarantine to the imported fire ant was developed and its application tests in container have been done.The bait composed of fish meal, fish peptone, honey, peanut oil according to the proportion of quantity is effective for the imported fire ant within 1.8 m. Considering the actual application in port, the type of the bait choose colloidal is better. Comparing the bait C (fish meal 50g+fish specially designed 40g+ 10%, 20g honey+peanut oil 20ml) preservated in room temperature with those in refrigerator, the bait C placed in the refrigerator is better, the expiration period 1-2 months is preferred. Through the four different number of bait tests, it was showed that the baits could trap ants better when 4-6 baits were put around the ant colony evenly, excessive baits may affect fire ant foraging position.The queen presence tests also affected the ability of ants in searching for food when the queen is presented.The containers application tests were fulfilled with the baits at the distance of 3.3 m, 6 m and 10 m and the density of the pest is about or more than 7 insects per cubic meter. The capture efficiency of the monitor box on the both container sides is better than the other locations. The highest amount of ants were achieved in 6 hours which was suggested as a recommendable time for port quarantine. Container with waste paper testes show the detection rate of pest is about 71% when the population density is 9 insects per cubic meter, and the distance is 5.0 m from the release point in 6 hours. Therefore, 2 to 4 monitors on both sides in the container, vehicle or other means of transport, lasting for 4 to 6 hours should be suggested as a new technique for plant quarantine and supervision of S. invicta.

Related Dissertations

  1. Development of GJB1188A Bus Signal Monitoring and Recording Device,V248.2
  2. Software Design of Muliparameter On-Line Monitoring System in Water-Quality,TP3
  3. The Study and Design of High Availability Monitoring Subsystem for Fault Tolerant Computing Systems,TP311.52
  4. Application Research of Digital Image Processing on Container Inspection,TP274.4
  5. Study on Industrialized Breeding Substrate Formula of Main Plantation Tree Species in Ningbo,S723.1
  6. Exploring the labor dispute case range,D922.5
  7. A Study on Building Remote Sensing Retrieval System for Countryside Water-Body Quality Based on ArcGIS Server,S127
  8. Research on Container Nursery and Grafting Techniques of Carya Illinoensis,S664.1
  9. Studies on Effect of Different Media on Growth and Physiological Parameters of Ligustrum Lucidum Ait Container Seedlings,S687
  10. Effect of Different Light Intensity and Fertilizer Levels on Quality of Dalbergia Odorifera Container Seedlings,S792.28
  11. Underground Locomotive Design of the Regional Location Detection System,TD524.3
  12. Development of Domestic Entry Plant Quarantine Expert System,S41-30
  13. Technology of Propagation in Prunus Maritima,S685.99
  14. Wireless Sensor Network Based on ZigBee Monitoring Intelligent Building Environment,TN929.5
  15. Analysis about the Agricultural Products Monitoring System and Decdision System Based on the Internet of Things,TP277
  16. Design and Implementation of 16 Bit Battery on Line Monitor Based on LPC2368,TP216
  17. The Study of Right Lateral Position under Real-time Monitor to Apply Capsule Endoscopy,R574
  18. A Study of Legislation on Monitoring Measures in China,D925.2
  19. The Design of Monitoring System and Experimental Study of the Solar Assisted Heat Pump Unit with Cooling, Heating and Gaining Hot Water,TK511.2
  20. Automatic Calibration System Voltage Monitor,TM933.2

CLC: > Agricultural Sciences > Plant Protection > Phytosanitary > A variety of plant quarantine > Plant diseases,pest and weed quarantine
© 2012 www.DissertationTopic.Net  Mobile