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Development Situation and Countermeasures of Potato Production Industry in Yulin

Author: LiuZhongXiong
Tutor: JiaZhiKuan
School: Northwest University of Science and Technology
Course: Crop
Keywords: potato industry present situation countermeasure
CLC: F326.11
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 146
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Yulin is one of the main potato production areas in Shaanxi Province. Potato planting area in Yulin is about 70% of Shaanxi Province, and Yulin is the third largest potato production city in China. Acreage and output of potato production in Yulin was increasing in last few years. The acreage and output of potato was 37.9% and 35.4% of food crop production in Yulin, respectively. Meantime, ratio of net income from potato production in farmer household was about 30%. Potato production is the first large industry of the characteristic agribusiness of Yulin. Therefore, fast and good development of potato production is very important for economic development of wholecity, especially for agriculture and rural area development.Based on actual situation of Yulin city and development situation of potato production industry in Yulin, problems of potato production industry of Yulin, which include cultivar choice, seed potato detoxication, synthesis cultivation techniques, processing techniques, potato storage, professional market etc., were analyzed, as well as advantages of potato production industry of Yulin, include land and climate resources, economic development, potato production technology, transportation and policies, were described. Successful experiences of potato production industry development in developed neighbor areas were introduced, and the countermeasures for fast development of potato production industry in Yulin were presented as following:1. To choose improved potato variety reasonably and to distribute it scientifically, and to put forward to standardized potato cultivation;2. To establish potato breeding bases and its regional distribution, and to support potato breeding enterprise and market development, and to supervise and control potato seed quality, and new potato cultivar breeding, to set up perfect potato breeding and extension systems;3. To construct specific commercial potato production bases;4. To speed up extension of high-efficient potato cultivation techniques and construction of potato storeroom;5. To push forward to large-scale, intensive potato production; 6. To establish modern potato processing system, to support professional potato production societies, and to fund new marketing system, to push forward industrialized potato production;7. To innovate new development mechanism for potato industry;8. To carry out strong organizational leadership of potato industry, to draw out industrial planning of potato production and to implement it gradually, to take into effect of potato project promotion strategy, to increase investments and to advance reform innovation for potato production.Also, some key issues for potato industry of Yulin, such as potato cultivar introduction and variety breeding, detoxicated seed potato and potato seed production base construction, quality of detoxicated seed potato, seedlings and breeding system, supply system for detoxicated seed potato, crop rotation with potato, authentication of pollution-free of potato production base, global competition of potato processing enterprises, were discussed.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > China 's agricultural economy > Agricultural sector economy > Farming > Food crops
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