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The Analysis of the Impact of Foreign Direct Investment in Hebei Province on the Ecological Environment

Author: ZhengCaiYun
Tutor: LiHuiRu
School: Hebei University
Course: Political Economics
Keywords: Foreign direct investment (FDI) Ecological environment Granger causality test Ecological civilization
CLC: X196
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 27
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Economic size, the economic structure and level of science and technology are the main factors to determine environmental quality. The introduction of foreign direct investment will stimulate economic growth, promote the expansion of the scale of economic and changes in the industrial structure, which will impact the local ecological environment to some extent through the scale of investment and the industrial structure. This paper mainly discusses the relationship between foreign direct investment and the ecological environment in Hebei Province, further analyzes the reality of the impact of FDI scale, industrial distribution, distribution of industries, geographical distribution to the ecological environment; makes the Granger causality test by using of the industrial "three wastes" emissions (selecting the production of industrial solid waste ) and the actual amount of foreign direct investment in Hebei Province from 1984 to 2006 which shows that foreign direct investment is the granger reasons of increased pollution in Hebei Province; constructs an econometric model which shows that actual foreign direct investment in Hebei Province and industrial waste water emissions and industrial solid wastes produced "U" curve, with industrial emissions are similar to a "N" Curve , and industrial pollution in Hebei Province is still in the rising level of the stage with the incease of foreign direct investment. Foreign direct investment aggravated the deterioration of ecological environment in Hebei Province, which may affect the ecological civilization construction in Hebei Province. We should look at he practical effect of FDI on the environment, adjust the structure, of foreign direct investment, promote the formation of the industrial structure and protect the ecological environment of the industrial structure, improve the ecological quality of the environment to facilitate the sustainable development of the ecological environment in Hebei Province. Therefore, the paper finally analyzes the need for restructuring of the use of FDI in Hebei Province in the perspective of the ecological civilization , and makes a guide for more foreign direct investment flowing to agriculture、services、high-tech industries and environmental protection industries , promoting the introduction of environment-friendly technology, strengthening environmental regulations, improving environmental standards and making full play to positive impact on the environment; increasing the intensity of law enforcement and strengthening environmental protection supervision, constructing the social system of recycle economy, and other relevant policy recommendations to promote foreign direct investment which should be beneficial to the protection and construction of the ecological environment in Hebei Province.

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CLC: > Environmental science, safety science > The basic theory for the Environment and Science > Environmental Economics
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