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The Research and Application of IT Project-Oriented Scope Planning Methods

Author: YangXiaoLei
Tutor: LiShengHong
School: Shanghai Jiaotong University
Course: Project Management
Keywords: IT project scope planning demand-oriented key issues initiative text mining
CLC: F270.7
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 22
Quote: 0
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Abstract


With the rapid development of information technology (IT), the large medium and small enterprises in every field of our country carry out information technology transformation to enhance the efficiency and market competitiveness of themselves through the implementation of IT projects one after another, IT project has become one of the most important components of our country’s economic construction. As the characteristics of IT projects’goals are inaccurate, progressive and changing frequently, the characteristics cause the frequent changes in the scope of IT projects, big pressure on the costs and progress of the project, poor results and many other issues. In order to solve the problems faced by the IT project and improve the quality and the success rate of IT projects, it’s particularly important to find effective IT project scope management methods. In current IT projects, the project scope planning is not very satisfactory, the delivers and goals of projects are not accurate enough so that corporate customers will find that the delivers are not really needed. In response to this problem, this paper will research the scope planning methods of IT projects basing on the project management theory and combining with information-gathering, operations research, data mining and other related knowledges.In this paper, the process of IT project management will be introduced first basing on the framework of project management theory. The problems existing in the IT project scope management will be studied in this paper combining with the characteristics of the IT projects. On this basis, demand-oriented initiative scope planning (DOISP) will be put forward, the related concepts and main courses of DOISP will be introduced, too.Then the related concepts and major processes of information collection and data mining process in DOISP will be introduced in this paper. With the use of data mining, operations research and other related knowledge, internet-based information-gathering method and text-oriented data mining method will be studied in this paper. There will also be the introduction of the clustering number determination method in this paper basing on the model of decision making under uncertainty and the density-based clustering center selection method.The related concepts and main processes of project key issues analysis in DOISP will be introduced in this paper. And how to extract, break down and transform the key issues of IT projects will be researched focusing on how to analysis the key issues of IT projects effectively. Then this paper will introduce the key issues extraction method basing on goal programming, the key issues decomposition method basing on divide and conquer algorithm and the key issues transformation method basing SDE principle combining with the operations research and the program algorithm.In the last of this paper, the application situation of DOISP applicated in IT projects from the telecommunications industry will be introduced, and the actual effect of DOISP will be analysed.

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CLC: > Economic > Economic planning and management > Enterprise economy > Economic theory and methods > Management of modern enterprises
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