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The Research of Relationship between Urbanization and Natural Disasters of Kashgar

Author: HaiReGu·NuEr
Tutor: AnWaEr·MaiMaiTiMing
School: Xinjiang Normal University
Course: Human geography
Keywords: urbanization natural disasters correlation analysis Kashgar
CLC: X43
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 74
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Urbanization is a essential process of the development of society.Urban development in the rich people’s material and spiritual life.But while the ecological environment was deteriorated by it gradually. With the development of urbanization and industrialization, the overexpansion of the urban population caused to the occurrence of natural disasters. these Natural disasters restricted the economic development of society and constraints, increasing the frangibility of ecological environment, mean while, it had enlarged the difference of regional development to effect harmonies stability of society, thus its vital factor that some ones are difficult to escape the poverty chronically.This paper introduces the research background, research progress, research, research methods, purpose and significance;Second stresses of urbanization and the concept and characteristics of natural disasters, urbanization and natural disasters between Effect relationship; then the city of Kashgar and natural disasters, based on data, first with the general statistical methods to analyze the city of Kashgar development and natural disasters, on this basis, using the gray relational method Calculation of urbanization and 1990-2000 the correlation between natural disasters. The results showed that: (1) with the spending of reformation kashgar has been developed rapidly, especially since the 20th century;(2)during 1951-2008 years, Kashgar suffered from hail 95 times, floods 80, Typhoon 39, more and more in 20 century.while during the 19 century, it was much less than before and least 50 years. these recent years happed natural disasters had brought serious economic losing;(3) indicators of urbanization and natural disasters, is greater than the correlation between the more than 0.5,which shows that Kashgar urbanization (urbanization level, twenty-three value of the proportion of disposable income of urban residents, percapitaGDP) and natural disasters (the number affected, the affected crop area, the collapse of the room, the incidence, economic losses) was a significant association between sexual;(4) for urbanization and the relationship between natural disasters, the proposed Of forestation,soil conservation, improve the ecological environment, strengthen infrastructure, enhance the resilience of the main ways such as disaster prevention and mitigation..

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CLC: > Environmental science, safety science > Disasters and their prevention > Natural disasters and their prevention
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