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Study on the Landscape of Urban Public Space Based on Psychological Safety

Author: FanFengHua
Tutor: YuBaiChun
School: Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Course: Landscape Architecture
Keywords: Urban Public Space Psychological Safety Landscape
CLC: TU984.113
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 79
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Since the beginning of urban public space where is a place for people contacting and doing activities, people absolutely are the core of urban public space, so all urban public space should be established based on the needs of people who use it. However, we can often see people in urban public space activities can not be guaranteed the safety of the event in the news reports, they may come across fall accident, scratch incident, even lose their lives and so on. There is no doubt that the safety of urban public space is a large and complex subject, which main contains psychological safety, behavioral safety, defense safety and disaster safety. This paper studies the most basic security of the people in urban public space—psychological safety, because it has a direct impact on whether people are willing to use the public space, popularity is the continued existence of urban public space to life.From Jane Jacobs’s book“The Death and Life of Great American”Cities to CPTED (Crime Prevention through Environmental Design), we can find with no difficult that accidents and unsafe urban public space environment are closely related to, what’s more, by optimization of the environment can reduce the incidence of unsafe events. In other words, environment of urban public space is its landscape. Therefore, the solution to the problem of psychological safety for urban public space should start from urban public space landscape.The behavior and psychology of people are inseparable with the environment they stay in, that indicates human mind and behavior will be different in a different environment. This paper makes psychological safety and behavior safety as a whole to study, for they are belongs to the daily security needs of people in urban public space. Through three kinds of urban public space cases study to analyze the characteristics of urban public space activities of people, by the viewpoints of environmental psychology and environment-behavior studies, in order to sum up both psychological safety and behavior safety needs toward urban public space. Then study the suitable landscape elements (landscape plants and landscape lighting) of urban public space to make construction of psychological safety. Through the deeply study on landscape plants and landscape lighting based on psychological safety to find out the ways and means of creating a urban public space landscape meets to psychological safety. A successful urban public environment has to be people-oriented and put the public interests first. In aim to make sure that the urban public space psychological safety landscape design can realistic reflection of the public’s need, and to make the late management convenient, public participation should be considered into the process of landscape design and management.

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CLC: > Industrial Technology > Building Science > Regional planning, urban and rural planning > City planning > Urban planning layout > The overall planning > Urban spatial planning
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