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20th century Anglo-American scholars on the national origin of the ancient Rose

Author: YangYanPing
Tutor: CaoWeiAn
School: Shaanxi Normal University
Course: World History
Keywords: British and American scholars the origns of Rus Rus
CLC: D09
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 51
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The question of the origins of Rus’ was a longterm debeat in international historians. After 30 years of the 20th century, Russian-born American historian Georgy Vernasky take the issue into British and American historians. Since then, the British and American scholars based on the literature material, use of philology archeology and anthropology of knowledge, combined with European,Arab and Central Asian history, from a macro point of view syudied the origins of old Rus’.The article want to present significant impact views of British and American scholars:The first part is 40-60 years of the 20th century British and American scholars on the question of the origins of old Rus’, divided into three sections:about Georgy Vernasky Henryk Paszkiewicz and Nicholas Riasanovsky on the he question of the origins of old Rus’. In this period,the greatest impact was Georgy Vernasky, he criticized the the Anti-Normanist and the Normanist and Primary Chronicle, and a detailed study of Rurik who he is. He believes the Rus’dwelled in Allan north-east of Black Sea,Finns mistaked the Scandinavians have been to the Sea of Azov is Rus’.The Khazars blocked the trade route from the north to the Sea of Azov.After the feudal lords of Rurik entered into Eastern Europe, eagered to open up the trade routes to the south,Askold and Dir by non-princely "Varangians"was made southword to the middle Dnieper, which fixed the origins of old Rus’. Henryk Paszkiewicz’s study was the meaning of the word "Rus", rather than specific studies on this issue. Nicholas Riasanovsky holded introductory manner, he extended this issue to the teaching.The second part of 70-80 years of the 20th century, divided into three sections described American historian Omeljan Pritsak’s view. Hecriticized the the Anti-Normanist and the Normanist, bring forward his proposed methodology, combined with the historical environment discussed the origins of old Rus’. He believed the peoples of Rus was a group of international businessmen, It took more than two centuries for the multiethnic and multilingual commercial ventures of some trading companies and nomads of the sea to adapt the political structure and charisma as-sociated with empires of the steppe and to transform this into a Christian and linguistically Slavic high culture that became Kievan Rus’.The third part is after 90 years of the 20th century, divided into two sections:The first section focuses on the most influential of this period Simon Franklin and Jonathan Shepard, they criticized the Primary Chronicle’s, the "Chronicle" to challenge the recordation, they believed the region of Sweden’s Aland island was known in medieval law is "Rus",the Rus’ Khan located Il’men lake, after Kiev as an international business center, many Rus’ noble moved to Kiev, the politico-military locus of Rus’ shifted south little more than a generation after northerners frist arrieved in force on the middle Dnieper. Thomas S Noonan mainly based on archaeological materials, the point of view tend to Normanist.

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CLC: > Political, legal > Political Theory > History of Political Science,History of Political Thought
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