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The Research about Linjiang People Struggle Against Foundation of Japanese Consulate in 1927

Author: TanXiaoNi
Tutor: LiShuYuan
School: Jilin University
Course: History
Keywords: Tanaka Cabinet Sino-Japan Negotiation Linjiang Struggle Against Foundation of Japanese Consulate government officials and common people to work together
CLC: K264.1
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 22
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Linjiang people struggle against foundation of Japanese consulate in 1927 is an important event in northeast mordern history . Research about struggle against foundation of Japanese consulate had been in a blank codition before 1980s. Later, experts and scholars have began to explore this area, but the results are a little unitary and many of them are limitated to basic description with few comments. Up to now, studies about struggle against foundation of Japanese consulate are not enough, and the relevant monograph have not yet emerged, but it has been a little mentioned in the monograph of northeast history, Jilin modern history and People’s Revolutionary history for northeast of China. Research about the topic needs to be expended and deepened because there are only a few of articles related to the topic. Moreover, perspective and focus of researchs have been mentioned before; areas of research are not broad enough. In this paper, I will give further research on the topic by broad collection of information and adjustment of the angle in order to display the meaning of this struggle and summarize the reason why people at Linjiang won in the struggle. Meanwhile, development of this struggle and impact of this victory will be analyzed.This article will be divided into five parts: the historical background of foundation of Japanese consulate in Linjiang, attempts and causes, thewhole case, help from the whole northeast for the Linjiang people and the reason we won in this struggle.Since the Meiji Restoration, Japan formulated the "Mainland Policy" , first aggression against North Korea and later aggression against China. After the Russian-Japanese War, Japan annexed the Korean militarists and have successfully completed the first step on the aggressive policies, and then its tentacles extended to the northeast of our country. In 1927, Japan suffered an serious economic crisis, Tanaka cabinet warlords instead of the old cabinet came to power. Then the old and new Chinese warlords were in a sharp war codition, which provided a good chance for Tanaka cabinet warlords . On the other hand, the Northeast leader Zhang Zuolin from Wang Fengxi was seriously weakened and was faced with the danger that he may be driven out of the barrier. Besides, the Northeast area was filled with different dangers and Zhang Zuolin urgently needed the support of foreign forces. All these stimulated the Tanaka Cabinet to accelerate the implementation of " the Man-Mongolian aggressive Policy ". Japan sent troops to Shandong. On the one hand, Zhang Zuolin was bullied to negotiatea . Meanwhile, they also attempted to set up a consulate at Linjiang. Struggle against foundation of Japanese consulate outbroke in this historical background.Causes and attempts that Japanese planned to establish a consulate at Linjiang are one key point in this paper. To all appearances, foundation of Japanese consulate was used to safeguard the security of "border", restrict activities of Korean nationalists and Japan advanced to set up consulate in Linjiang for several times. Foundation of consulate in Linjiang is one of important contents on ’ Man-Mongolian unsettled law case",as the initial attempt of Tanaka " the Man-Mongolian aggressive Policy ", its implementation was relatated if the whole policy of aggression could be carried out successfully. Advantages at economic development and military position was used to maximize the benefits of Japan in China by foundation of consulate in Linjiang. After frustration, to somen extent, it became a symbol of retrieving the prestige of the Empire and establishing prestige of Tanaka cabine to set up a consulatet by military means.Japan has planned to at Linjiang for a long time. When Tanaka cabinet came to power, it suddenly accelerated the pace of establishing consulates . In order to establish consulates in Linjiang, Japan made a series of conspiracies from 1926. Struggle against foundation of Japanese consulate outbroke in April and May, 1927. Japanese imperialism’s freebooting was resisted intensely by Lingjiang people. Their brave resistance aroused consciousness and patriotism of the Northeast and the masses of the people from all walks of life throughout the national, and received strong solidarity and support. Ultimately,because of strong resistance from Chinese, the arrogant and all-powerful Japanese imperialism gave up the unreasonable demands for establishment of the consulate at Linjiang. In August 1928, the Japanese government formally announced the abolition of Linjiang branches.The influncing factors that we won the enimies are also one of the key points in this paper. Our Chinese gained succees in this struggle. There are not only the efforts of Chinese side but also the various reasons from the Japanese side. Considering all the factors, struggle against foundation of Japanese consulate was certain to win. From the side of China, direct participation of all estates of Linjiang people and local officials and support from Fengtian authorities guaranteed the struggle; powerful support from other regions in the Northeast and throughout the countrycaused Japanese’s plots to failed repeatedly. From the side of Japan, the Tanaka Cabinet took some inappropriate policies toward China ;these policies haven’t received the unanimous approval of the Japanese people, gradually lost the support of the people and suffered from criticism by the Japanese public; there were fierce party struggles in Japan, and other parties were i dissatisfied with the Tanaka cabinet .In addition, the Japanese aggression against China was limited by the United States, Britain, and Russia. The Japanese government was afraid of internatinal dissension, so they suspended negotiation of "Man-Mongolian unsettled law case "and Japan’s attempt to establish consulate at Linjiang has failed at last.Struggle against foundation of Japanese consulate in 1927 shook the Northeast and also affected the whole country. As a glorious history for Linjiang people, the struggle was their pride and was an important part in modern history of the revolutionary struggle of the Northeast people, which not only aroused consciousness and patriotism of the Northeas people but also laid the foundation for the Anti-Japanese struggle of Northeast people aferwards.

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CLC: > History, geography > History of China > Semi-colonial and semi -feudal society ( 1840 to 1949 ) > New Democratic Revolution Period (1919 ~ 1949 ) > Japanese imperialist invasion and anti - Japanese democratic movement > Japanese invasion of events before the nine ? 18th Incident
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