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Studying on Township Government Debt in China

Author: LiuLinHua
Tutor: KuangYuanPei
School: Hunan Agricultural University
Course: Agricultural Economics and Management
Keywords: township government debt scale of debt frame of deb cause of debt supervision of debt
CLC: F812.8
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 259
Quote: 1
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Abstract


The reform of rural taxes and fees promote to longitudinal direction, the new rural construction is operating, "dismantling the rural to town" is drawing to an end , the curtain of "Rural Finance and County Management" pilot has lifted, a series of rural comprehensive reform in such a step almost all encounter the same Obstacle: huge rural debt. Since the 1990s, the township grass-roots government debt issues has become more prominent and deterioration. Under the serious debt pressure, financial revenues and expenditures contradictions is getting more and more acute, and even to form a serious debt crisis. Huge debts made the township financial into difficulty operation, becoming to financial insolvency. Many rural townships began to reduce the supply of public goods, a form of increasing the taxes and fees levied on farmers. This situation seriously affected the rural economic development and social stability.Therefore, researching the status of township government debt, treating the harm and formation mechanism of the township liabilities and seeking the countermeasures and ideas to resolve the township government debt is of great siginificance.Introduction papers for the first chapter, gave a briefing on the research background, purpose and meaning, and made a literature review. Presented the main research methods, research details, innovation and shortcoming that may exist in it.In Chapter 2, to the point of the concept definition of the township government, from the Keynesian theory of government bonds, bonds of the economic effects, Musgrave financial expenditure theory, the scale of the township liabilities reasonable limits and the theory to describe the relevant theory of government debt, provides a theoretical basis for analysing the township government debt,and make an introduction of the classification, characteristics, development history and risk assessment and other related knowledge to the township government debt.Papers 3-5 first chapter, via a large number of detailed datas ,do an effective empirical analysis of China’s eastern, central and western regions of the township government debt size, structure and application, then shows the obvious differences, regional Characteristics from the township government debt.(1)On the scale of township government debt, on the basis of the static description about the township government debt in major provinces of China, we can find the features that a wide range and larger scale of liabilities, the debt situation deteriorated in some areas of the overall size about the township debt. From the geographical distribution, the township debt appeared the posture of "East High and West low".(2) There are some differences in eastern, central and western regions on the structure of debt sources, but among them there are also some similarities.(3) The historic investigation to township government debt application in China ,shows that in the late of the mid-1990s, the use of debt emerged with a fundamental change in the vast central and western regions that from the production of the liabilities to non-productive debt or financing liabilities to deficit liabilities. The liabilities in eastern changed from productive investment to infrastructure construction.ChapterⅥanalyzed the influence of townships financial liabilities from both positive and negative aspects, at present, and the township to resolve their debt difficulties including the rural economy, the township government and upper-government, the rural tax and fee reform, the new rural construction and so on.ChapterⅦanalyzed the mechanism factors of the township government debt. On the analysis of the institutional factors, it is focusing on the cause of the rural institutions and a bloated staff and their hazards in the high cost of running ; On the financial management system factors , we do a comprehensive analysis ,such as the debt incentives by virtue of the "pressure-type financial management system", the further deterioration to township government debt problems as a result of the incomplete financial transfer payment system and the underextension sources of township government owing to dual economic structure, etc; at the same time we do a analysis and discussion from the aspects of the invalidity in the township government debt Supervision and management mechanism and the hindered process in township government institutional change, etc.ChapterⅧproposed the township debt management measures on the basis of the empirical analysis of the government debt in Chinese eastern, central, and western : (1) In accordance with the requirements of the market economy, accelerate the transformation of township government functions (2) establish and improve the modest scale of the early-warning mechanism of the township government debt (3) to further improve rural financial system, and standardize transfer payments and increase payments intensity, (4) to establish a scientific official performance evaluation system and normative township decision-making mechanism, (5) establish and improve the township government debt Supervision and management mechanism (6) due to some of the local government claims.

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Finance, the state's financial > China's financial > Rural finance
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