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The Research of the Problem of Culture Construction Establishing by Chinese Modern Intellectuals Through "The Debate between Science and Metaphysics"

Author: ZhuKun
Tutor: JinYing
School: Liaoning University
Course: Modern Chinese History
Keywords: The debate between science and metaphysics Intellectuals Culture construction Neo-Confucianist
CLC: D663.5
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 21
Quote: 0
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Abstract


" The debate between science and metaphysics "broke in 1923,which is an important event that has profound influence on the history of the modern Chinese ideology and culture.Zhang Jun-mai and Zhang Dong-sun represented by the metaphysical had different ideas about the outlook on life question from DingWen-jiang, Hu Shi, as a representative of the scientific school ,and Chen du-xiu who is a representative of the marxists ,they launched fierce battles. " The debate between science and metaphysics " is not only the most outstanding thought in th late of May 4th movement, but also the first big contact between Chinese and western cultural in the 30 years,considering the number of people participated in the debates, the extent of the controversy in the length of time,as HuShi said .What’s more, the controversy reflects that Chinese intellectuals who joined in the May 4th movement attempted to rebuild national faith system after the baptism of exert . Facing the situation that Confucian classics was over, academia trend after the age of numerous repudiating mess, the metaphysical or scientific school or the marxist historical materialism realized that under the political turmoil the Chinese nation would die out if they continued to conservative soberly. So learning advancd science and recreating new type national became shcolars’consensus, futher became the the typical character for the whole intellectuals’cultural mentality change. " The debate between science and metaphysics " itself is a profound cultural debating.The direction of western philosophy changed greatly in the early twentieth century and the First World War destructed human civilization in westernization road made Chinese scholars began to condsider how to take an objective look at their national culture in future . Meanwhile, facing the consercative power attacks in retaliation , China’s intellectuals had to face another problem is how to develop the movement of the national enlightenment. Conservative and radical are twins that brothered Chinese intellectuals.This paper attempts to reseach the affection of“The debate between science and metaphysics”,explain culture construction which was built by Chinese intellectuals both sides of the argument , and re-examine the explanation of the generations of scholars and modern development in the construction of national culture adapt to make unremitting efforts. I believe that their successes and failures will give us valuable lessons of cultural construction in the new century.

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CLC: > Political, legal > China's political > Class structure and social structure > Classes and strata > Intellectual class
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