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Effect of Anticipated Emotion and Ambient Emotion on Delay Discounting for Gain and Loss

Author: WeiXin
Tutor: ChenXu
School: Southwestern University
Course: Developmental and Educational Psychology
Keywords: Get Loss Expected emotions Background mood Delay discount
CLC: B844.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 272
Quote: 2
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Abstract


People often need to compare the trade-offs may produce different results in different time intervals so as to make a choice , then may often be the result of delayed occurrence of discount , this discount phenomenon occurs when the decision-making across time is called delay discount . The results of the decision - making behavior is influenced by many factors , including the impact of emotions on decision-making has become a research hotspot in recent years , but so far based on the study of the emotional impact of the delay discounts task less involved . Individual at different time intervals for the profit and loss results weigh select characteristics of this study is to explore from the expected background and emotional mood , to provide empirical reference to prompt further delay discount mechanism , and also to help enrich and expand the area of ??decision-making research . In addition, the study intertemporal decision making under different emotional state characteristics, and this has a positive practical significance for policy makers in their daily lives better deal - making event . The study included two experiments are college students for . After study a delay discounts task as well as the expected emotional assessment form obtained with the loss of situational imaginary money to study the characteristics and the relationship of the expected emotional reaction delay discount , research through the use of positive , neutral , negative emotions evoked let delay discounts task in different contexts , different backgrounds emotions get delay and loss of situational discount rate . Comprehensive two experimental results , the main conclusions of the research are as follows : (1 ) obtained with a loss of situational , delay the discount rate and the expected emotional discount rate in line with the model of the hyperbolic function . ( 2) The individual's subjective value estimated value are , expected emotional estimated value with time decreased . ( 3 ) the emotional discount rate is expected to delay discount rate related significantly and the higher emotional discount rate is expected to delay the higher the discount rate . ( 4 ) background mood no significant main effect of delay discount rate . ( 5 ) a positive emotional state , context significantly delay the discount rate a delayed discount rate is higher than the loss of situational . ( 6 ) positive and negative emotional state , a group response was significantly lower than the group 's reaction losses .

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