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Financial Policy Research of Modern Agriculture Construction

Author: CaoYuQing
Tutor: ShiShuPeng
School: Hebei University of Economics
Course: Finance
Keywords: Modern agriculture Fiscal Policies Fiscal agricultural subsidies Agriculture-related fiscal policy
CLC: F812.8
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 224
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Modernization of agriculture as a necessary condition for economic modernization and important content, is the focal point of the modern national government's economic policy. Finance as an important means of government support for the development of the agricultural economy, has an irreplaceable role in the construction of modern agriculture. Fiscal policy as a government building modern agriculture policies of domination force, the manner and scale of its support directly affect the process of modernization of agriculture and the national economy as a whole. Government finances is the reason why the development of modern agriculture must bear the liability for policy support, on the one hand, because of the development of modern agriculture is to promote the fundamental driving force for agricultural development and economic growth, and compared with the traditional agriculture has a more significant positive externalities, high input and high-risk sex. On the other hand, from the financial practice, financial investment in agriculture and agricultural growth showed a high degree of positive correlation fiscal policy is the development of modern agriculture is extremely effective policy instruments. In the market economy, the financial support for the construction of modern agriculture must be scientific division of labor between government and market, clearly the scope and focus of policy support. Financial investment, subsidies and agriculture-related tax incentives and other means, focusing on risk, investment income, social, ecological and exemplary efficiency of agricultural projects. Since the reform and opening up, China's agricultural fiscal policy has changed several times, to promote the construction of modern agriculture has always been the main line of a policy. At this stage, the agricultural financial policy support covers many aspects of the industrialization of agriculture, the construction of ecological agriculture, agricultural science and technology, education and training of rural and agricultural mechanization agricultural modernization. Fiscal policy to support agricultural modernization in China has achieved initial results. Agricultural infrastructure, especially the construction of rural road traffic and large-scale water conservancy facilities, with remarkable results. Agricultural science and technology contribution rate of more than 50%, the quality of agricultural laborers and construction of ecological agriculture made significant progress. Agricultural industrialization and mechanization level significantly increased, the mode of agricultural production to achieve a historic leap to the mechanical operations mainly from the human animal. However, an objective look at China's current financial support for agriculture policy, with the goal of the construction of modern agriculture, there are still many problems and room for improvement. Outstanding performance, Fiscal Expenditure total lack of Fiscal Expenditure accounting for financial expenditures did not rise to anti-drop; deviation is the Fiscal Expenditure way and structure; Fiscal Expenditure inefficient; financial support for agriculture-oriented mechanism construction is lagging behind; agriculture-related tax policy efforts small, narrow range. Fiscal Policies on the above-mentioned problems and the objective requirements of the construction of modern agriculture, improve the construction of modern agriculture, fiscal policy is a major issue for financial decision-making departments desiderative, the end result of this study. This paper argues that the construction of modern agriculture in China fiscal policy should focus on food security, the three main objectives of the sustainable development of agriculture and improve agricultural competitiveness. To achieve this goal, the construction of financial support for agriculture policy should follow the rule of law, the principle of sustainability and moderation, efforts to increase financial support for agriculture, to build a multi-input system; reform the agricultural subsidy policy; improving the agricultural insurance policy; improve agriculture-related tax incentives Policy Optimization of Fiscal Expenditure structure, highlighting the focus of fiscal expenditure on agriculture; improve the efficiency of the use of funds; improve the legal level of financial support for agriculture policy

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Finance, the state's financial > China's financial > Rural finance
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