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Environmental Performance Index methodology , experience and learn

Author: LiKaiLi
Tutor: XuQiang
School: Dongbei University of Finance
Course: Statistics
Keywords: Environmental Indicators Environmental Performance Index EPI
CLC: X-01
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 244
Quote: 0
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Abstract


As China's large population, were at a stage of rapid development of industrialization, so more and more environmental problems presented in front of us. But only by qualitative analysis to develop policy is unscientific, only through the application of specific quantitative analysis of the data to reflect the specific environmental problems in order to develop a sound environmental policy. Although China has now completed a quantitative approach to many aspects of the measure, a comprehensive measure of the environment but it is basically a blank stage. However, the most recent period, many domestic scholars and institutions have begun to analyze the environmental performance of the work, I believe that in the near future, will emerge a lot suitable for China's environmental measurement methods. This article is based on the method from abroad, try to take advantage of China put forward a set of existing data to establish environmental performance indicators, hoping for future research work has played a valuable role. This paper is divided into five parts. INTRODUCTION The first part introduces the Chinese present the main environmental problems and the lack of environmental performance method, indicating the importance of environmental performance evaluation studies, and environmental performance of the current research status at home and abroad were summarized and presented paper research ideas and framework, and this innovation. The second part introduces the theory of environmental performance evaluation, environmental performance evaluation first describes the concept and implementation of environmental performance evaluation a few steps, and then the implementation of environmental performance evaluation most commonly used assessment methods - multi-index comprehensive evaluation method implementation process gives a detailed introduction. The third part is the Environmental Performance Index compiled a summary of the methods and practices, which draw up paper mainly introduced by the Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy Center and the Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network, jointly prepared by the specific preparation of Environmental Performance Index practice, from data processing to the indicator system and the final score is calculated, are given a detailed process. The fourth part is the center of this article, by drawing on the third part of the preparation of the environmental performance index experience, using the \constituted by a set of 21 indicators of environmental performance indicators for the Chinese system, and calculated except Tibet's 30 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) of the final score. The top five are Shanghai, Tianjin, Fujian, Sichuan and Zhejiang, and the lower-ranked areas, including Guizhou, Hunan, Henan, Hainan and Xinjiang. This article is also of the different regional environmental health and ecosystem vitality of both scores were analyzed, the results show that various regions of China on the score at the ecosystem level is generally higher than the scores of environmental health. And by observing scores relationship with per capita GDP, we can see the total score and environmental health scores and GDP per capita between the existence of certain positive correlation, while the score ecosystem vitality basically no relationship with GDP per capita, which is due to it contains some environmental indicators can not be improved by simply investing on, especially ecosystem vitality which contains a lot of such indicators, so I finally come to this conclusion. By analyzing China except Tibet's 30 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) the scores found that China all provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) are required to strengthen the environmental health aspects of management, multi introduction of appropriate policies and enhancing investments. Dynamic aspects of the ecosystem, and some really good scoring areas, while some areas of the score and indeed too low, so low-scoring areas should provide lessons in areas of high scores, and strive to improve the scores of each index. The last part of the thesis is the full text summary, first drawn Based on China except Tibet's 30 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) the conclusions of the empirical analysis, and gives the conclusions drawn through the policy implications, and then pointed out that the this article there are still some shortcomings, one is subject to the restrictions China has less data, an optional index is small, and the choice of indicators and subjectivity; hand is in data processing, as in Tibet six indicators missing, this deletion was carried out, which led not reflect the situation in Tibet's environmental performance. The last article on China Environmental Performance Index future research are discussed.

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