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The Route Choice of Narrowing the Income Gap between Urban and Rural in the View of Building a Harmonious Society

Author: DongChunYan
Tutor: FeiLiQun
School: Shandong University
Course: Marxist Theory and Ideological and Political Education
Keywords: Equitable Distribution Theory Urban-rural Income Gap Great Significance Path Selection
CLC: F124.7
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 521
Quote: 4
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Abstract


Relations between urban and rural areas has always been a fundamental issue facing in the process of China’s modernization. However, it should be clear that the income gap between urban and rural areas was constantly widening. It has seriously affected the building of a harmonious society. The income distribution team of Social Sciences Institute of Economic Research launched a nationwide household survey In 1988,1995 and 2002.Recently they has finished the investigation report .and they have made a conclusion about China’s urban-rural income gap: the income gap between urban and rural areas is on a downward trend from the beginning of 1994, but from 1997 it gradually expands. The per capita income of residents is almost three times that of rural residents in 2001. the country’s Gini coefficient increased by about two percentage points since 2002. China’s urban-rural income gap is widening. China’s urban-rural income gap is the highest in the world. if the medical care, education, unemployment insurance, and other non-monetary factors taken into consideration, The income gap between urban and rural areas also caused the gradual broadening of the gap between the income of residents in China. A big gap between urban and rural residents is prone to lead to various social problems that affect social stability. Narrowing the gap between rich and poor residents is of great practical significance to the maintenance of social stability and building a harmonious society. Based on this, this paper focus on the Path Selection of narrowing the gap between urban and rural incomes in building a harmonious society. our government should understand the role and bear the responsibility and take effective measures to control and reduce the income gap between the urban and rural poor.This paper attempts to propose the reasons for the formation of the income gap between urban and rural residents and the path of narrowing it. It is based on the analysis of the current income gap and changes quo, also applying the Marxist theory equitable distribution. The full text is divided into five parts: The first part tells the theoretical basis of the urban-rural income gap adjustment. It is divided into three small parts. This part first tells the equitable distribution theory and its contemporary value and then tells the course of equitable distribution theory development from the first generation to the forth generation. In the end, this part tells the guiding significance of the Marxist theory of equitable distribution in narrowing the income gap between China’s urban and rural residents.The second part tells the status of the income gap between urban and rural areas and pointed out the causes of it. China’s urban-rural income gap is widening. China’s urban-rural income gap is the highest in the world if the medical care, education, unemployment insurance, and other non-monetary factors taken into consideration. It is caused mainly by the following reasons: The dual urban-rural economic structure, System and policy factors, Educational opportunities for urban and rural differences and individual differences factors, as well as differences between employment. These factors together create the urban-rural income gap widening.The third part discussed the big significance of narrowing the income gap between urban and rural in building a harmony society. Then discussed the importance of narrowing the income gap between urban and rural areas to achieve harmonious development between urban and rural areas from three areas: to build a harmonious society means we should make them develop harmoniously. It is Unified in the process of building a harmonious society.Narrowing the income gap between them will solve the major stumbling block on the road to the development of building a harmonious society.The forth part pointed out the path choice of narrowing the income gap between the residents of different places in the process of building a socialist harmonious society. This is the focus of this paper. it makes it clear that we should continue to carry out social reform from policy; Promote the integration of urban and rural development process, promote social harmony; Promote urban bias government decision-making to the transformation of urban and rural development, all these measures is to solve the current problem of the income gap In this paper, I attempt to talk about the path selection of narrowing the income gap between urban and rural in build a socialist harmonious society. The innovation lies in this paper proposed some feasible measures from a micro perspective: Give full play to the advantages of providing large capital of the development of the financial infrastructure, Government trying to be a service-oriented government and create a relaxed environment on the basis of macro-regulation and control, Our government not only focus on farmers "going out" but also pay attention to how they would like to "take back". Trying to reduce the income gap between urban and rural areas, so as to ensure the fairness of China’s social harmony.

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CLC: > Economic > The world economic profiles,economic history,economic geography > China's economy > Economic construction and development > National income, national wealth
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