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Study on China’s Grain Domestic Support and Yield Prediction under WTO Framework

Author: LuoYuanYe
Tutor: QiChunJie
School: Huazhong Agricultural University
Course: Industrial Economics
Keywords: Food Domestic support Yield Forecast
CLC: F224
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 219
Quote: 2
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Abstract


Food is a special commodity, it only has the general properties of the product, but also has important social attributes. Food security is related to the country's political stability and sustained economic development. But they are weak industry food industry, it is not only faced with natural risks, but also to bear the price fluctuations caused by the market risk. This has led governments have adopted different policies and measures to protect and support the food industry. China's grain domestic support policies have been implemented for many years, from the initial grain circulation then asked to support, until the current market price support for food for direct support. Grain domestic support this change the way not only improves the efficiency of food support and adapted to join the WTO in the international situation, the supporting policies consistent with WTO rules. With China's rapid economic development, China has initially with industrial \Grain domestic support policies in addition to the basic protection of national food security objectives, at this stage, but also has to increase farmers' income and narrow the gap between urban and rural areas, and expand rural consumption market tasks. As a member of the WTO, China should under the WTO framework, the use of precious financial resources, with the foot, the food good use of domestic support measures in order to achieve the above government targets. Based on the above questions, the current food domestic support policies need to be adjusted, the purpose of this thesis is to seek one that is determined not only satisfy the WTO agricultural domestic support ceiling, and consistent with the current national financial situation, and can increase their income, to ensure food security, food combinations domestic support measures. The main contents and conclusions are as follows: First, compare the Uruguay Round and the Doha Round agricultural domestic support mode. By comparison, more emphasis on the Framework Agreement on the \Such a review and clarification of the need to ensure the \In accordance with the Framework Agreement tiered formula proposed overall reduction in production and trade distorting \Second, the comparison of Chinese and foreign food domestic support policies of evolution. By comparison, China's grain domestic support policy has three characteristics: First, to support a wide range; Second, price supports based, subsidized loans, supplemented; Third is support for the way covert. Third, respectively, with OECD and the WTO domestic support calculated level of grain. Fourth, domestic support for our country's food grain production levels and empirical analysis. The empirical results show food \But the market price support policies more effective. Fifth, as determined according to WTO rules limit domestic support to agriculture, food design different levels of domestic support and examine the different levels of support food production trends. The results showed that with increased levels of market support prices, food production also increased. Similarly, higher food \Sixth, according to the empirical results, combined with the experience of foreign grain domestic support, domestic support policies put forward China's grain direction of the adjustment. One is to change the food \

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CLC: > Economic > Economic planning and management > Economic calculation, economic and mathematical methods > Economic and mathematical methods
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