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A Study on the Implicit Language Planning in Chinese Cyberlanguage

Author: XiaoYongHe
Tutor: LiSuQiong
School: Xiangtan University
Course: Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
Keywords: Chinese language planning implicit language planning explicit language planning cyberlanguage
CLC: H136
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 176
Quote: 0
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Abstract


As the most important carrier of information in daily communication, language plays an indispensable part in the development of human society. In order to solve the problems arising in the process of information exchange and interpersonal communication, language needs to be regulated. Accordingly, language planning is demanded.Generally speaking, language planning refers to the work that the country and its related agency do to regulate the language use. It usually covers the choices and standardization of a language, the coinage and reform of the character, the revival of the language and so on. By making language policy, the country and society can determine or exert influence on the existence and development of a language. However, recently, some scholars point out that there is implicit language planning. That is to say, the language policy makers can also be any individual of the society. These individuals can create, affect and spread certain new language phenomenon, and finally make it recognized by most people of our society or by the government and its related agencyDue to China’s special condition and the increasing development of information, the emergence and development of various kinds of new words and phrases, especially the cyberlanguage, bring many new problems to Chinese language planning. In order to meet the challenge posed by the cyberlanguage, this thesis employs both the quantitative and qualitative methods to analyze the role of implicit language planning in Chinese cyberlanguage.The section of qualitative research mainly applies the questionnaire to analyze the netizens’attitudes towards the cyberlanguage and its entry in the Dictionary of Contemporary Chinese (the 5th edition). The qualitative research reveals that most netizens take different attitudes towards different kinds of cyberlanguage and its entry into the Dictionary of Contemporary Chinese. Based on the results of qualitative research, the author attempts to make a hypothesis that the Dictionary of Contemporary Chinese should accept more hardware, software and lettered words in the cyberlanguage. However, as for the sign and digital language, they should be treated with more caution or not be embodied at all. Taking the Dictionary of Contemporary Chinese (the 5th edition) as the object, the quantitative research part chooses, classifies and then analyzes the cyberlanguage embodied in it. Through the analysis, we discover that the hardware words and lettered words account for a great proportion of all the cyberlanguages added into it, and the software words only take a small part of them. However, not a digital words and sign words are added into it at all. Cyberlanguage is exerting great influence on accepting new words and phrases into modern Chinese.The result of this research helps treat the position of cyberlanguage in modern Chinese. It is hoped to help the acceptance of new words into the Dictionary of Contemporary Chinese as well as promote the position of the implicit language planning and influence in the work of language planning. This thesis is also expected to promote the harmonious development of implicit and explicit language planning and to serve the language planning to a greater extent.Due to the limitations of the present study, it is worth noting that the findings and conclusion of this thesis are rather preliminary, which requires further research at a more general level.

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CLC: > Language, writing > Chinese > Semantics,vocabulary, word meaning ( exegesis ) > Modern vocabulary
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