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Studies on Dezhou Agricultural Natural Disasters and Risk Management Situation and Countermeasure

Author: ZhangMan
Tutor: ChenShengWei
School: Shandong Agricultural University
Course: Agricultural Extension
Keywords: Natural Disasters Risk Management Agricultural Insurance
CLC: S42
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 97
Quote: 0
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Abstract


China is a large agricultural country, is a disaster-prone country, which is determined by the geographical conditions. China is in the eastern part of the Eurasian continent, under the influence of the Pacific monsoon, winter and summer monsoon alternating activities and its instability, resulting in uneven distribution of precipitation in most parts of China season, eastern, central and western spatial difference. Arid and Southern waterlogged; Loess Plateau, the Huang-Huai region, eastern Guangdong and southern Fujian and Yunnan north-central prone to drought, multiple floods of the Yangtze River, Pearl River and the Yellow River and Huaihe River Basin; the typhoon attacks on coastal sand disasters troubled northwest; Northeast and North China in the early spring and early fall are susceptible to frost and low hazard; pests and diseases throughout the country. The economic damage caused by natural disasters in agriculture is heavy. Compared with developed countries, the losses caused by natural disasters, China is much greater, such as Japan each year due to water, drought, flood, floods and other disasters caused by the loss only of 1% of GNP, of up to 57 ‰. Natural Disasters, refers to the likelihood of losses due to natural disasters factors in agricultural production or business process. The likelihood of such losses and agricultural production target decision makers will have deviation or difference, this degree of deviation is often used as a measure reburning indicator of the degree of disaster risk. Natural Disasters also bears the potential opportunities and profits, agricultural operators by understanding and analysis of the risk of natural disasters, and to take the right decisions, so as to control and manage the risk of natural disasters, to reduce the loss of natural disaster risk and risk-benefit, done in bear the same risk of natural disasters receive the maximum benefits or bear minimal risk at the same income level. Therefore, do everything possible to improve the ability to resist natural disasters, to reduce disaster losses and ensure the steady growth of agriculture and the sustainable development of the national economy to ensure the improvement of people's living standards and social stability, have a very significant meaning. Governments and departments at all levels, to use as momentum task of agriculture and disaster mitigation work caught the energy, transportation, communications and other infrastructure construction, disaster infrastructure have a larger development, to ensure the ability to resist natural disasters significantly improved. Disaster strategy should adhere to the case-based, and strive to large-scale disasters as a small disaster into a minor disaster for disaster, to minimize the extent of the economic losses caused by the natural disasters in agriculture. This article is to study the agricultural risk factors on natural disasters risks and their consequences caused due to the risk of natural disasters and their countermeasures. Agriculture as the basic industries, due to their own weak and the special nature of the production process, in the entire reproduction cycle faces a number of risks, is typical risk industry. Bring a lot of uncertainty due to the impact of the various risks for agricultural production results. The risk of natural disasters if not handled properly risk, agriculture will gain stable development of the enthusiasm of the farmers' agricultural production incentive, especially on agricultural production, such as Dezhou this agricultural city even more important; contrary, agriculture will stagnate or the retrogression affect production smoothly. According to the analysis of agricultural natural disaster risk, combined with local realities Dezhou, Shandong, ideas on of Shandong Dezhou regional agricultural natural disaster risk management.

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CLC: > Agricultural Sciences > Plant Protection > Meteorological disasters and their prevention
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