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Notes on Japan’s Official Development Assistance to Africa

Author: SiAiHua
Tutor: ZhuShuGuang
School: Suzhou Institute of Technology
Course: World History
Keywords: Japan Africa Official Development Assistance
CLC: K313.5
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 146
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Abstract


After the war because of the special domestic and international environment, Japan only means of economic diplomacy carried out diplomatic activities. Official Development Assistance is an important part of Japan's political and economic relations of Japan to expand its international influence to achieve the strategic objective of its political power tools. 1954, Japan joined the Colombo Plan, the identity of the donor countries, government assistance. In 1989, Japan surpassed the U.S. as the world assistance. From the early 1960s, after the end of the Cold War, Japan's official development assistance to Africa has gone through 40 years of history. Japan's Official Development Assistance to Africa always serve national development strategies, is actually an important part of Japan's non-foreign policy. See the route of assistance, Japan's official development assistance to Africa, including two kinds of bilateral aid and multilateral assistance. In recent years, Japan's foreign bilateral aid, African countries, the proportion increased significantly. In 2006, Africa surpassed Japan's traditional bilateral recipient regions in Asia, the highest in the first place, significantly strengthen Africa's position in Japan's foreign aid policy. As of 2007, Japan has 50 African countries and regions in 48 countries to provide official development assistance (ODA). Japan and Africa's post-war economic and political developments and changes in the practice of Japanese aid to Africa be divided into two stages: after the Second World War to the 1990s and 1990s to the present. Two stages, including five small period of time. Different historical periods, due to the different focus of Japan's national strategy, Japan for the purpose of financial assistance in Africa is different, the policy of official development assistance to Africa has adjusted accordingly, day-African relations have also been to a certain extent. Specifically, the purpose of Japan's official development assistance to Africa, in the sixties and seventies of the twentieth century is the economic doctrine first, seventies and eighties is both economic and political interests, after the 1990s, prominent political and strategic role of the twenty-first century services in Japan diplomatic. In the process of implementation of official development assistance to African countries after the war, Japan's aid to Africa is characterized by a non-reimbursable assistance. Key areas of Japan's Official Development Assistance in Africa in the 1990s as the most important economic assistance; 1990s to the early 2000s, including the areas of economic, political, security assistance; 2008 Fourth African Development International Yokohama Action Plan, adopted at the meeting, the focus of assistance given in the field of infrastructure, trade, investment and tourism, agricultural and rural development, basic education and health care, peace in the region, as well as respond to environmental and climate change. Japan the ODA implementation in Africa as well as the development of diplomatic relations between Japan and Africa, evolution, by the different international political and economic environment, and both factors of their own change. Japan to Africa ODA implementation of the economic, political, cultural and many other effects on the relations between the two sides.

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CLC: > History, geography > Asian History > East Asia > Japan > Modern History ( 1868 ~) > After World War II ( 1945 ~)
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