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A Study on the Great Ukrainian Famine of 1932-1933

Author: LianXiaoGang
Tutor: WangLianXing
School: Suzhou Institute of Technology
Course: World History
Keywords: 1932 to 1933 Ukraine Great Famine Reason Affect Nature
CLC: K512.53
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 103
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The famine is one of the three major causes of human tragedy, is an extremely discordant note in the process of development of human society. As one of the three famine in the Soviet era, the great famine of 1932 to 1933, is particularly worthy of attention. This is not only because the Soviet government to conceal the truth of the famine for a long time, because Ukraine is known as the \The Ukraine famine is an unavoidable heavy topic in the history of the Soviet Union. China's current study of this subject is still relatively weak. Multi-collection information, a detailed review of this famine, the whole process of development and regression analysis to explore the main famine and its consequences and effects, and in recent years, the relevant parties in the nature of the famine and deaths The debate on the two focus questions put forward their own views. The country's industrialization strategy implemented in the Soviet Union is a the Ukraine famine macro background. Investigated the cause of the famine in this context, we can draw three points: First, natural disasters, the overall collectivization of agriculture and the elimination of rich peasants and other factors lead to Ukraine from 1931 to 1932 two consecutive years of crop failure, famine incentives. Farmers a huge price to pay for industrialization, from the hands of the farmers, the Government took too much food, ignore the farmers' survival and development, and the establishment of the planned economic system to adapt to industrialization strategy exclude the role of the market. In order to ensure the smooth progress of industrialization, the Soviet government reacted negatively to the famine, blackout relief efforts lag is a serious fault. This historic tragedy caused by a large number of the population of Ukraine losses, the composition of the population changed significantly, the social structure is a significant change, especially in Ukraine for independence and efforts to integrate into Western society, adhere to the famine as a powerful weapon criticized the Stalinist regime a serious impact on today's Ukrainian-Russian bilateral relations, leading to a deepening rift between the two nations. About famine deaths, the controversy great differences between the parties. More in line with the statement of historical fact is a loss of 400 million to 500 million people in Ukraine in the Great Famine. Famine nature, both from the famine area and victimization objects taken by the Soviet government or from famine relief measures, the so-called \The famine for the country's economic construction and social development of the socialist profound lesson.

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CLC: > History, geography > European History > Eastern and Central Europe > Russia and the Soviet Union > History of the Soviet Union (1917 ~ 1991 ) > To restore the national economy and the construction of the socialist period (1921 ~ 1939 )
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