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Research on the Finance and Taxation Policy to Expand Farmer Consumption

Author: ZhangJiaShuang
Tutor: WangChunLei
School: Dongbei University of Finance
Course: Finance
Keywords: Income of farmers Rural consumption Fiscal policy Suggestions
CLC: F323.8
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 151
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Making a comprehensive survey of the history of economic development in all countries, we find that a country’s economy always grows in the expansion of domestic demand. Considering the majority of the rural population in our country, expanding rural consumption market is the main source which maintains the sustained economic growth in China.16th NCCPC and 17th NCCPC made the programmatic guidance and plan which meant to improve the income of the rural residents, and it also laid the cornerstone of policy increasing the income of rural residents. However, there is a long way to go in order to open the entire rural consumption market. The government have a bias on the urban in the resource allocation due to the economic formed in our history and urban-rural financial system. Now the situation of the agricultural protection has not improved significantly, which lead to slow growth in farmers’ income and hinder the expansion of the rural consumer market. The rural social security system is almost in a blank status which directly causes the shrinking situation of consumer demand in rural areas.Promoting new socialist countryside construction and activating the rural consumer market is concerned the overall situation of building a moderately prosperous society. Compared with the urban consumption which has sustained and rapid growth, the rural consumption is emerging slow growth trend. The growth of the rural consumption is lower than the national and rural. Then it led to the proportion of rural consumption is declining in the community. It is significant for the activation of the rural consumer market through the analysis of the rural consumption, and the current fiscal and taxation policies related to the rural consumption. It has two important significance in improving the current fiscal and taxation policies which related to the rural consumption. The significance expressed in not only increasing the income of rural residents and the expansion of the rural consumer market, but also in the sustained and stable development of our country’s economics. Based on the expansion of domestic demand in rural areas, this paper main associated with two points. It includes the concept of finance-taxation policies for the expansion of rural consumption and as well as the relationship between income and consumption. The most important part in this paper is focus on the effects of the present finance-taxation policies to expand rural consumption and the recommendations for improvement.The first chapter expounds the current status of domestic consumption through the analysis of current economic situation, prospects for the rural consumer market-oriented policies and market prospect and the national related policy orientation. In addition, the first chapter includes introduction of the different thought on the consumption between foreign knowledge and scholars, the research results in the expansion of domestic consumption in rural areas, arid the research contents and methods in brief.The second chapter focuses on the analyzing for the relationship between the income and consumption theory. It respectively expounds the government productive subsidies, government consumption subsidies, and the definition of social security as well as the theoretical relationship between expanding rural consumption and it, a brief analysis on the conditions and constraints of rural consumer. Finally, there are three aspects for the feasibility of the increase of rural consumption. It contains the significantly increased of the rural residents’income in some areas, and the plenty of national economic strength and the changes in consumer attitudes of rural residents.The third chapter focuses on the analysis of existing policies on expansion of the rural consumer consumption. First part is the analysis done for the following bedding. It introduced the relationship between the income improving of the farmers and expanding the consumption. Then it analyzed the influence factors. They are production subsidies policies, consumer subsidies policies, social security policies and government revenue policies. It mainly introduces the consumption effect of the investment in rural infrastructure, agricultural subsidies, home appliance countryside policy, social security and agricultural tax and so on. From the analysis, the paper summed up the inadequacies of these policies. The fourth chapter puts forward relevant policy suggestions basically on the analysis of the third chapter. It is mainly discussed from four parts:the construction of rural consumption environment, the establishment of stable and growth financial support mechanism for agriculture, improving the consumer subsidies and social security system, setting up a standard tax system of urban and rural and improving related measures.This paper attempts to have innovations and breakthroughs in the following aspects:First, it expounded the relationship between the rural residents’income and consumption. It’s positively confirmed from the plot generated. The conclusion is the rural residents’income was correlated with the consumption.Second, it is analyzed on the income effecting of the agricultural subsidies and tax income through the analysis and empirical analysis method. Based on the data from the model, it is concluded that the food subsidies straight for peasants’ has the biggest obstacles to increase incomes of rural residents and agricultural tax hinder the rise of the rural residents’income, and it put forward innovative suggestions for the way of agricultural subsidy.Third, based on the date from the "home appliance countryside" policy was implemented, it is analyzed the effect of the different provinces and different appliance product of "home appliance countryside" consumption.This paper should be further improved in the following aspects due to the limit of material, time and research ability:First, this paper didn’t have an empirical study on the expansion of the rural consumer market using the polices such as improvement in infrastructure, social security and home appliances and so on as the limit in data and individual ability. And it needs to be further improved.Second, model accuracy is poor because of the insufficient data collection. It affects the validity of the model in a certain extent.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > China 's agricultural economy > Construction and development of agricultural economy > Agricultural income and distribution
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