Dissertation > Excellent graduate degree dissertation topics show

Relating Factors for Nosocomial Diarrhea and Necrotizing Enterocolitis of Neonates and the Effect of Prophylactic Use of Probiotics

Author: LiLianQiao
Tutor: WuBin
School: Fujian Medical
Course: Pediatrics
Keywords: Nosocomial diarrhea Relating factor Neonate Probiotics Logistic multiple regression model Case-control study Necrotizing Enterocolitis Neonates Relating Factors Micro-ecological pharmaceutips
CLC: R722.1
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2006
Downloads: 119
Quote: 1
Read: Download Dissertation

Abstract


Objective: Nosocomial infection is a common disorder as well as the diarrhea is one of the most common nosocomial infections in neonates. This article probes into the incidence and relating factors for nosocomial diarrhea in neonates and assess the availability of the microecological pharmaceutics(Bifico, oral capsules of live combined Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and Enterococcus) in prevention of nosocomial diarrhea in neonates who were treated in hospital over 3 days. Method: A retrospective study was conducted among all (826 cases) hospitalized neonates in the department of neonates of Quanzhou Children Hospital from June 2004 to October 2005 in Quanzhou city. With all patients with nosocomial diarrhea as cases and all patients without nosocomial diarrhea as controls, a case-control study on relating factors for nosocomial diarrhea and assess the efficacy of the microecological pharmaceutics in prevention of nosocomial diarrhea in neonates was carried out. Available data were analyzed by one-way Chi-square test and unconditional logistic multiple regression model. Result: 97 cases of nosocomial diarrhea were identified among 826 cases neonates with an incidence of 11.74%(97/826). The morbidity was 7.32%(30/410) in case group treated with the use "of Bifico; and 16.10%(67/416) in the control group treated without Bifico. The difference of the morbidity between the two groups was of an obvious significance (X~2=l5.389, p=0.000). The one-way Chi-square test of paired data showed that nosocomial diarrhea was significantly associated with premature infant, placement of incubator, inventive operation, feeding method, abenteric intravenous feeding, intestinal feeding after birth, application of antibiotics before admission, way of using antibiotics, application of glucocorticoid hormone, whether to use the preventive microecological pharmaceutics, intracranial hemorrhage; and grouped data showed that nosocomial diarrhea was significantly associated with days of hospitalization, age of the sick child during hospitalization, the weight

Related Dissertations

  1. Study on the Combined Probiotics and Its Effects on Prodution Performance of Pigs,S828.5
  2. Effect of Probiotics on Growth Performance, Digestive Enzymes Activities, Immunity and Gut Microbiota of Epiniphelus Coioides,S917.4
  3. Morphological Characteristics of Brain Capillary Endothelial Cells and Neurons in a Ticellular System for Study on Neuroprotection and Neuroregeneration in Vitro,R651.1
  4. A Case Control Study:the Correlation between Cholecystectomy,cholecystolithiasis and Colorectal Carcinoma,R657.4
  5. A Case-control Study on the Relative Risk Factors of Adenomyosis,R711.71
  6. Study on HER-2 Expression of Thyroid Cancer and Its Relationship with Some Factors,R736.1
  7. Cytomegalovirus Infection in Neonates: Clinical Analyses of 75 Cases,R722.1
  8. Study of Neuroprotective Effect of Cromakalim in Different Brain Area of Neonatal Rats with Hypoxic-ischemic Encephalopathy,R722.1
  9. Association between Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and DNA Damage, Serum Levels of P53 and P21 Proteins in Neonates from an E-waste Recycling Area,R722.1
  10. Relations between Hypertension and Stanford Type B Aortic Dissection of Chinese People Relations among Morphological Factors of the Three Branches above the Aortic Arch and Stanford Type B Aortic Dissection of Chinese People,R654.3
  11. The Study of Clinical Features and Relative Factors in the Pathogenesis of the Recent Peptic Ulcer,R573.1
  12. Analysis of Risk Factors in Congenital Heart Disease,R541.1
  13. The Study on the Economic Burden and Impacts of Advanced Schistosomiasis in Yunnan Province,R532.21
  14. Study on Effects of Probiotics on Production Performance and Immune Function of Weaning Piglets,S828.5
  15. An Experimental Study of Compound Probiotics with Lactobacillus Acidophilus, Lactobacillus Rhamnosus and Bacillus Subtilis in Animal Models of Cow Endometritis,S858.23
  16. Room Air vs 100% Oxygen for Resuscitation of Infants at Birth: A Systematic Review,R722.1
  17. Relationship Between Polymorphism of IL1β Gene and Susceptibility to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease,R563.9
  18. Quality Control of ABO Blood Group Typing for Neonatal Umbilical Cord Blood,R446.6
  19. Study on the Association Between Heavy Metal in Umbilical Cord Blood and the Development of the Newborn,R114
  20. Study on the Removal and Mechanism of Microcystin-LR by Probiotics,X172
  21. With angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory activity of probiotic screening,Q936

CLC: > Medicine, health > Pediatrics > Newborns, premature children disease > Neonatal disease
© 2012 www.DissertationTopic.Net  Mobile