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The Study on the Differences and Similarities in High Frequency Words between Hainan Min Dialect and Mandarin

Author: WuHuiJuan
Tutor: LiMianDong
School: Northeast Normal University
Course: Chinese Philology
Keywords: Hainan Min Mandarin Common terms Differences and similarities
CLC: H102
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 58
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Hainan Island is a complex area of ??recognized languages, Minnan Department of Haikou words, the the Danzhou dialect of Cantonese Department of, Momentive the words and Danjia words,, Hakka, the military, then, Zhuang Dong Sino-Tibetan language family Lingao then, the village, then, Li, then the seedlings if otherwise Miao-Yao language family as well as with South Asian language back-hui words. Them with the Chinese common language differences Hainan Island language has distinctive features, has high academic value in the Chinese dialect studies. Start from the vocabulary, collected in Hainan Min Dialect and Mandarin common words, comparative analysis of their similarities and differences. Remove the introduction and conclusion, the body is divided into four parts. The first section provides an overview of Hainan Min and previous studies condition. Hainan Min is defined as popular in Chinese Minnan dialect of Hainan province, Han Chinese residents in Hainan Island, the main Chinese dialects, explains the formation and evolution of Hainan Min. Its vocabulary characteristics are summarized four points: 1. Retain a wealth of ancient Chinese vocabulary phenomenon; 2. Have significant training reading phenomenon; 3. There are a number from Europe and the United States, Southeast Asian countries in the language of the foreign language loanwords; 4. Presence of a large number of only the pronunciation and meaning but you can not use the word with characters. The second part is the heavy and difficult. This section focus on the similarities and differences between languages ??look Hainan Min Dialect and Mandarin common words more comprehensive description and explanation. Hainan Min Dialect and Putonghua common terms, we believe that there are three points in common, the morpheme as the basic form; monosyllabic word formation pattern to some extent use root composite constitute a new word; word source has to absorb foreign the traces of the word. The difference between the two is that: 1 on the etymology of Hainan Min reserved than Mandarin ancient Chinese vocabulary; 2 words sound, Hainan Min monosyllabic vocabulary phenomenon highlights, at the same time presents multi-tone tendency dominant two-syllable word in Mandarin; meaning, some of the same word form words in Hainan Min and Mandarin different meaning; 4 on the part of speech, some form of the same meaning as the words in Hainan Min part of speech in Mandarin difference; 5 on word order, some synthetic Hainan Min word morpheme order and Mandarin contrary; 6 word form, Hainan Min own or follow some Min Dialect dialect word Mandarin vocabulary not absorb these words; 7 word formation pattern, Hainan Min different from Mandarin roots and affixes, are also different forms of overlapping morpheme word formation. The third part explains Hainan Min Dialect and Mandarin common words to form the reasons for the differences are of different origins, contact with different languages, different wording concept. Hainan Min Dialect and Mandarin inherited the ancient Chinese, the ancient dialects vocabulary era sooner or later, or in different regions, or absorb loanwords country is different, and so on. The fourth part of Hainan Min crowd to make some suggestions how to learn Mandarin, for example, take the initiative to carry out the conversion of the Putonghua thinking and Hainan Min thinking to overcome the side tone interference, to distinguish the meaning master specification syntax.

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CLC: > Language, writing > Chinese > Chinese standardization,standardization, promotion of Putonghua
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