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The Study of the Regional Economic Growth Mechanism of FDI in China

Author: SunZhongDong
Tutor: LiHuiWen
School: Xiangtan University
Course: World economy
Keywords: FDI Economic Growth Capital Effect Factor Efficiency Institutional Transition
CLC: F127
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2007
Downloads: 274
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Abstract


Since reform and opening-up, especially from the entry of our country to WTO, the achievement of our economic growth has a great impression on world. Because of larger market, a great number of cheap labors and the mature law conditions, a great flaw of FDI to our country have taken an important role in the economic development of our country. The role of FDI in host country’s economy is always one of the most important research problems. At present , most research focus on some aspects, such as capital effect, spillover effect, institutional transition, employment, by empirical analysis and validate the role of FDI in host country’s economic growth, however, there are few papers focus on the mechanism that how does the effect of FDI on economic growth work on. We think it do the most important aspect that we should take much time to research. By doing this, it can make us have a better understanding about FDI and offer some valuable information for the constitution of FDI policies. This text extends discussion on the basis of this deficiency.The rate of economic growth lies on the quantity and efficient of factors and the organization of relative institution. FDI has a effect on economic growth by affect these three aspects. Our thesis explains the mechanism of FDI working on economic growth from three aspects: capital effect, spillover effect, institutional transition.Our thesis have some conclusions:First: When comes to capital effect, FDI has two sides effect: crowding in or out. FDI has a crowding out effect on domestic capital through technology advantage and constructing entry obstacle. We use twenty-nine province (excluding Chong Qi and Xi Zang), twenty-seven years (1978-2004) panel data to do empirical analysis. We find significant crowding out effects in east region and neutral effects in middle and west regions when we do not take finance development into consider; when we consider this, we find that significant crowding in effects in middle region.At factor efficiency effect, we think FDI have an effect on economic growth through endogenous and exogenous factors .when comes to endogenous factors, FDI improves Factor elasticity of substitution through optimizing resources collocation and economizing scale. When comes to exogenous factors, FDI is propitious to accelerate the investment of R&D and the accumulation of knowledge.At institution transition effect, we put forward two modes: seductive transition and compel lent transition. When the income outweighs the cost of institutional transition, Seductive transition will occur. Because of trade cost and pick-up effect, if there is only institution from bottom to up, it will affect the efficiency of institutional transition. Government should reform and establish more reasonable policies to acclimatize himself to world environment.From empirical analysis, we also find that FDI has a positive effect on the factors efficiency and institutional transition.

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CLC: > Economic > The world economic profiles,economic history,economic geography > China's economy > The local economy
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