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On Historical Evolution and Implication of CPC’ Intellectuals Policies Since the Establishment of PRC

Author: GuoJun
Tutor: ChenQian
School: Northeast Normal University
Course: CPC's history
Keywords: Since the Foundation of PRC the Communist Party of China the intellectual policy the experience from history
CLC: D663.5
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 83
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The intellectual issue is an inevitable big problem in Chinese revolution, construction and reform. The policy and strategy is the soul of the party. The intellectual policy is an important component of the party for his implication of policies. Ever since the foundation of our country, the intellectual policy of the party has gone through many ups and downs.At the beginning of the foundation of PRC, the party carried out the policy of‘unity, education, remolding’righteously, taking good care of the intellectual who were from the old society. Thus, their approbation of the new political power was strengthened, which greatly stimulated them to join in constructing our country. However, from the late 1950s, because of the fierce ideological fighting, the intellectual were separated from the common people. They were recognized as taking the dictatorship, which eventually resulted in the 10-year disastrous Cultural Revolution.After the third Plenary Session of the eleventh Central Committee of the CPC, with the effort of core leader Deng Xiaoping and central party members, the strategy based on reality was reused. With the policy designed to restore to order, the intellectual of the party were sent back to normal. The efforts made by the ruling party, especially the central leaders made society have an atmosphere of respecting knowledge and the talent.After the fourth Plenary Session of the thirteenth Central Committee of the CPC, the central communist party deeply realized the vitalization of knowledge economy in the world. They laid a greater emphasis on the intellectual issue than ever before. Gradually, developing a country with science and education and talent initiates a phase for the intellectual.In all, since the foundation of PRC the intellectual policy has gone through from mistake to adjustment, from adjustment to mistake and eventually become more and more mature from reform and adjustment. The 2-track interaction of the policy also profoundly indicates the complexity and difficulty of constructing Chinese socialism. The development of our country has strongly proved that the communist party of China can’t perform well without the support from the intellectual. Therefore, the class of the intellectual must be perfectly acknowledged and the attitude toward the intellectual must be scientific. The democratic mechanism must be fixed and implemented, which could make up a good environment for the intellectual development. Such education as to lead the intellectual on track should be carried out.

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CLC: > Political, legal > China's political > Class structure and social structure > Classes and strata > Intellectual class
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