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The foreign policy of the United States of Indonesia (1953-1961 )

Author: LiuDaPing
Tutor: YuQun
School: Northeast Normal University
Course: World History
Keywords: Eisenhower Indonesia Sukarno Outside Island Rebellion Army
CLC: K712.5
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2003
Downloads: 460
Quote: 7
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Abstract


U.S. National Security Council to develop Indonesia's official policy that began in the Eisenhower administration. This paper attempts to archives of the Foreign Relations of the U.S. government to decrypt based research methods, insist on a comparative study of the archival documents of the relevant countries, as the concept of the national interest rather than ideological factors center on the methodology. Political and social systems, economic factors are taken into account, specific studies. U.S. National Security Council on Indonesia's basic policy document NSC171 / 1, NSC5518, NSC5901, NSC6023 context of the Eisenhower administration to the evolution of the development of the policy of Indonesia, which reveals the real purpose of the United States of Indonesia policy. Dissertation consists of introduction, four chapters, and Conclusion. The introduction of the status quo of domestic and foreign academic study of the Eisenhower administration's policy of Indonesia and this study, the academic value and practical significance. The first chapter discusses the origins of the United States policy of Indonesia. The late stage of the struggle for independence in Indonesia, the United States worried that the Indonesian Communist Party would take the opportunity to fight a long war and expansion of force in the Netherlands, and the United States in early 1949 Helanshijia pressure, forcing the Netherlands and Indonesia signed Roundtable Agreement, pursuant to which the establishment of the Republic of Indonesia. Before the Korean War Truman administration NSC 48/2 \After the outbreak of the Korean War, the Truman administration eager to join the Western camp in Indonesia, but due to follow the \Chapter II Chapter is the main part of this article. The second chapter of the first session of the Eisenhower administration intervention in domestic politics in Indonesia. The first session of Ali Cabinet took office a significant impact on the Indonesian policy of the United States. The Eisenhower Administration dissatisfaction Ali Cabinet to accept the support of the Indonesian Communist Party, formulated to implement NSC171 / 1 and NSC5518 file to prevent Indonesia put into the communist sphere of influence. Eisenhower Administration strenuous effort to influence domestic politics in Indonesia, seeking to eliminate the influence of the Communist Party from the Government of Indonesia. Secret manipulation of the Indonesian presidential election in order to promote the non-Communist government pro-American or anti-communist government came to power, to win over Sukarno at the same time with the constraints of economic and military aid to the Indonesian government in order to achieve the policy objectives of the United States in Indonesia. The third chapter discusses the Eisenhower administration policy insurgency in the outer islands of Indonesia. In late 1956, the outbreak of the outer islands in Indonesia rebellion. At the same time, the Indonesian Communist Party in the election substantive victory. In order to resist the progressive development of the Communist Party of the strength of the September 23, 1957, the U.S. National Security Council through the \Pursuant to which the United States to determine the strategy that forced the central government of Indonesia to promote active anti-communist rebellion in the outer islands. As the rebels quickly failed, the Indonesian army and the increasingly powerful and active anti-communist, the United States is Indonesia's central government and the rebels began to promote reconciliation and to consider changing the policy. The fourth chapter discusses ultimately determine U.S. policy adjustment and support for the Indonesian army guidelines. Army, President Sukarno and the Indonesian Communist Party of the three pillars in the Indonesian political situation after the rebellion of the outer islands. The Eisenhower administration that the Indonesian army is combat effectiveness of the power source and the barrier of communism in Indonesia, therefore the United States to expand its military assistance to Indonesia. And the U.S. National Security Council by NSC5901 and NSC6023 file formally identified to support the policy of the Indonesian Army. The Eisenhower administration also Nasution said that the leaders of the Indonesian army showdown in Nasution and Sukarno or the Communist Party, the United States will support the Indonesian Army. Conclusion briefly summarizes the general context and the characteristics of the Eisenhower policy of the Government of Indonesia and the subsequent U.S. Indonesia policy.

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