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An Economics Analysis of Agricultural Sustainable Development in Mid and West Region of China

Author: YanFengXian
Tutor: LeiHaiZhang;LiTongMing
School: Huazhong Agricultural University
Course: Agricultural Economics and Management
Keywords: The Midwest Sustainable development of agriculture Sustainable growth Resource and Environmental Economics Institutional Economics Countermeasure
CLC: F327
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2001
Downloads: 886
Quote: 4
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Abstract


Sustainable development since the early 1990s, has become worldwide the most fashionable, the most interesting concept. Although the sustainable development of agriculture on the development of industries and sectors, but its connotation and extension of the concept is very extensive. Understand the essential meaning of sustainable development, the use of the principles and methods of economics, the analysis of the major constraints on the sustainable development of agriculture in the Midwest and the real problem, to explore strategic thinking and countermeasures of sustainable development of agriculture in the Midwest. The main method of this study, content and viewpoint are summarized as follows: (a) describes the basic theory of sustainable development and the sustainable development of agriculture, domestic and international academic trends in the research areas. Sustainable development theory, outlines the concept of sustainable development, the concept of sustainable development, sustainable development of the theory of the research direction and sustainable development economics research dynamic; further the sustainable development of agriculture, the interpretation of sustainable agriculture the development of the concept, research, study characteristics. On this basis, from the adjustment of China's regional development strategy, economic globalization, the knowledge economy trends to understand the context of sustainable development of agriculture in the Midwest. (B) The overall analyze and grasp the main factors for sustainable development of agriculture in the Midwest and highlight obstacles. That through qualitative and quantitative analysis, the main advantage for the sustainable development of agriculture in the Midwest a major obstacle rich land resources, agricultural biological resources unique conditions, natural climate vary, adjustment of national development strategies and new economic background provides a historic opportunity; reflected in the economic and social development and agriculture compete to the obvious contradiction, very serious soil erosion, desertification intensified, water troubled, destruction of agricultural ecological environment, coupled with the system and the concept of constraint. (3) the use of the principles and methods of the theory of economic growth, and to analyze the sustainable growth of the central and western regions of Agriculture. Starting on the principles of the theory of economic growth and the development of economic theory and its evolution, the argument of the economic growth of agriculture has always been a necessary condition for the sustainable development of agriculture arguments, and construct a theoretical model of evaluation of the sustainability of agricultural growth. The conclusions of the empirical analysis of the sustainable growth of the central and western regions of Agriculture rural labor force growth has no direct impact on agricultural economic growth; arable land and crops sown change on agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery output value changes have not been directly related to sex, capital investment and institutional the impact of innovation on agricultural growth significantly, increasing the impact of the growth of the agricultural economy of the agricultural structure. All of these can be attributed to the change in the pattern of agricultural growth, this article use the sustainability of agricultural growth evaluation model for empirical analysis concluded that the mode of economic growth of agriculture in the central and western regions of the unsustainable pattern. So effectively change the mode of growth of agriculture countermeasures part of the need to focus on the issues discussed. (D) the central and western regions of agricultural resources, the environment, ecological sustainability economics analysis. Overview of resources and environment economics principles based on the basic framework of environmental economics research resources for sustainable development of agriculture in the central and western regions. And empirical analysis from a macro point of view on the sustainable use of arable land resources in the central and western regions. Estimated through the analysis of the current situation of agricultural land resources and changes in trends, the empirical evaluation of sustainable agricultural development model in accordance with the narrow sense, the central and western regions in 2030, the grain growth rate higher than the population growth rate that is consistent with sustainable agricultural narrowly growth model. But the demand pressure of the regional population survival and development of arable land resources. For this reason, adjust domestic agricultural spatial pattern under open conditions, \(E) institutional factors analysis of sustainable development of agriculture in the central and western regions. Theory and method of use of institutional economics, rational judgments and empirical examination of institutional change and innovation to achieve sustainable agricultural development of the central and western regions. First, starting from the basic principles of institutional economics on the premise of the basic framework of the system of sustainable agricultural development economics analysis. Clear system of sustainable agricultural development, and the running costs of the system of sustainable agricultural development major theoretical issues including ecological costs, the role of sustainable agricultural development in the institutional innovation, technological innovation and institutional innovation relationship. In particular, the system ecological costs running costs of sustainable development theoretical basis of the institutional arrangements under the premise of \On this basis, the empirical analysis, comprehensive evaluation of its ecological, agricultural land system, central and western regions of the sustainable development of agriculture Agriculture Organization of the system, the rural market system of the specific institutional arrangements and public decision-making of the \economic and social benefits, and explore to achieve the sustainable development of agriculture in the Midwest rural institutional change and its appropriate mode. (6) to explore a number of suggestions for the sustainable development of agriculture in the Midwest. Including: One for the Midwest agricultural growth is not sustainable, raised awareness raising efforts to promote scientific and technological progress in agriculture, increase investment in agriculture, and to explore the scale of operation, adjust and optimize the industrial structure in rural areas and other measures to effectively transform the agricultural growth: two environmental constraints on resources for sustainable development of agriculture in the Midwest, proposed the sustainable use of agricultural land resources, to safeguard the sustainable development of agriculture resources environment foundation. Including the to follow inherent principles of sustainable development, the concept of innovation, strategic management innovation and agricultural land property rights system innovation; Third institutional constraints in the agricultural sustainable development for the Midwest, made great efforts to promote agricultural operating system and the system of agricultural science and technology innovation. Accelerate institutional innovation for agricultural and rural organizations, agricultural protection and support system innovation, institutional innovation of agricultural science and technology, rural social security system innovation: for the sustainable development of agriculture in the Midwest market constraints, proposed to gradually establish and perfect the Midwest agriculture sustainable development of the market system, including the nurture and enhance the vitality of market players, priority to the nurturing and development of the market system of agricultural products, to accelerate the development of rural factor markets, and give full play to the role of the government in foster and standardize the rural market, international and domestic-oriented construction of the Midwest large areas of agricultural markets.

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