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Onto-Mind and Freedom

Author: WangXinYing
Tutor: YangGuoRong
School: East China Normal University
Course: Chinese Philosophy
Keywords: Conscience Heart is Reason Moral Freedom Freedom of the spirit
CLC: B244.8
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2005
Downloads: 581
Quote: 1
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Abstract


Like Neo in the history of the two wonderful Jiuyuan pioneered heart science genre with Neo-Confucianism, each other, and had a profound impact on the Chinese academic, cultural and social development. Lu Jiuyuan philosophy as the first form of Parapsychology, continue to be of concern for future generations, and interpretation. This article attempts to \The generation of the Jiuyuan Conscience learn their particular era, the theoretical background. Originated in the early Song Dynasty Neo to Zhu Xi tends Dacheng. Zhu Xi days theoretical philosophy achieved unprecedented complete morphology highlights the inherent theoretical defects. The Tenri both implication of course, but also the associated inevitable, which in jurisprudence there involves both destiny. Fate of transcendence, the absolute nature of probability is still justice has. Heavenly transcendence it different from the specific system artifacts, to take on the origin of the posture of universal principles, in accordance with the duties and To protect itself the ultimate source of justice must be the concrete some kind distinguish. Thus, on the one hand is the transcendent natural world, on the other hand exists empirical world presents a fragmented form of dichotomy. Justice super experience external emphasis to make adjustment performance of heaven on the behavior of the subject means that may not otherwise have the coercive power of a heterologous life with what Heaven. Default when the justice of the establishment of the existing norms of etiquette lost days, people join to become empty forms can not constitute a moral evaluation criteria specific norms beyond the concept of moral judgments, only cognitive, realized this concept of , morality in order to obtain a reliable basis. Justice concept in trying the tight specification externalities while they degenerate into another form of transcendent justice with the main fact of confrontation, which constitute the ills of the day theoretical philosophy. The confusion of \LuDoctrine blend some of the ingredients of Buddhism and Taoism, but not essentially LuDoctrine Zen. Lu Xueyuan stems from Mencius, inheritance and extension of the philosophy of Mencius. Lu Jiuyuan before the exposition of the ancient Chinese philosophy of heart could fill volumes. Mencius prominent heart morality; cognitive Xunzi stressed heart; Zhuangzi heart is the main spirit; Buddhism a high degree of understanding of heart from the body. These theories directly or indirectly affect the landing On the Constructive contributes most directly LuDoctrine Zhu Xi concentric theory. Miss school on the heart of the appellation is more promiscuous, the heart of the concept is not as clearly defined. Lu learning \core. The Conscience for LuDoctrine core construct a philosophical system of Conscience - affair - the original mind. Conscience is shaped on the basis of Lu studies showing the spirit of freedom. Freedom of this basic idea in Western philosophy. Freedom can be divided into two major types of philosophical and political freedoms. Ancient China, although difficult due to the lack of awareness of their rights to form political concept of freedom, but in its own way the interpretation of the philosophy of the concept of freedom. Philosophy of freedom in the performance of the ancient Chinese philosophy of moral freedom and spiritual freedom.

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CLC: > Philosophy, religion > Chinese Philosophy > Song, Yuan philosophy ( 960 ~ 1368 ) > The Jiuyuan ( Xiangshan, 1139 ~ 1193 ) and his school
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