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Study on the Sci-tech Organizational Institution and Agricultural Technological Progress

Author: YuYongDe
Tutor: HuJiLian
School: Shandong Agricultural University
Course: Agricultural Economics and Management
Keywords: Organizational system Technological advances in agriculture Industrial Organization Economies of scale
CLC: F303.2
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2005
Downloads: 829
Quote: 8
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The degree of technological advances in agriculture is the decisive factor in the level of agricultural development and market competitiveness, to solve the problems of agriculture is the most fundamental thing is to rely on scientific and technological progress. To carry out technological advances in agriculture has important theoretical and practical significance. Agricultural development will be facing long-term of two irreversible trend, on the one hand, the economic and social development of agriculture is getting higher and higher, there is an urgent need to continue to evolve and expand agricultural function from the source of food and clothing to industrial raw materials, and then improvement of ecological environment: on the other hand, the existence of the resource base of agricultural development is increasingly tightening, especially land and water resources supply and demand is bound to become even more acute. To alleviate this contradiction, we must rely on technological progress. This is a fundamental interest-and long-term plan of agricultural development. But technological advances in agriculture issues complicated than people think. Technological advances in agriculture practices and processes related to innovative behavior and cooperative behavior of people, related to transactions and interaction between the main technological progress, it comes to the technical progress of the economic and social environment, is by no means a simple technical problem, but rather The more the performance of economic behavior and social behavior, it is urgent to expand with new theories and methods of in-depth study. The historical evolution of this study, based on the establishment and improvement of the institutional context of the socialist market economic system, based on entered a new stage in the development of agriculture and an increasingly market-oriented, international industry background, based on the system of agricultural science and technology from a planned economy to a market economy background, and learn from the theory of industrial organization structure-conduct-performance analytical framework, the integrated use of the theories and methods of economics, management, technological advances in agriculture in the organizational system, the organization of science and technology system and agricultural technology progress The relationship between the system analysis and profound anatomical, and strive to explore new perspectives and methods of technological advances in agriculture-related issues to discuss established to accelerate technological advances in agriculture countermeasures to successfully promote agricultural science and technology system, speed up new agricultural scientific and technological revolution contribute. The main point of this study are as follows: (1) science and technology organization system is defined as the relationship between the various actors concerning the progress of agricultural science and technology. Believes that agricultural science and technology as intellectual innovation of agricultural science and technology activities, a large number of scientific and technological institutions and their staff showed unique division of labor and competition antagonistic relationship, as an \economies of scale, cooperative relations, industrial policy and other issues, is not only feasible, but also has important theoretical and practical significance. (2) science and technology organization system plays a fundamental and decisive role in promoting technological advances in agriculture. Consists of three levels, agricultural science and technology system in the usual sense of the First, the technical aspects of the reforms, such as the adjustment of the research direction, with a focus on transfer, input intensity increased; second is the reform of the mechanism level, such as the personnel system, distribution system and operation management system; Third, the reform of the institutional level, such as the new agricultural science and technology innovation system, different levels,

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > Agricultural economic theory > Agricultural building and development > Agricultural technology development and technology innovation
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