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Social assistance during the Qin Dynasty Thought

Author: ZhenJinZhong
Tutor: JiangJianShe
School: Zhengzhou University
Course: History of Ancient China
Keywords: the Pre-Qin period social assistance thought
CLC: K225
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2006
Downloads: 924
Quote: 11
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Abstract


The Pre-Qin is the sprouting and initial forming period of Chinese traditional social assistance thought, but historical circle has not research overly and systematically to the question today. The article adopts the methods of history and social science, research mainly the historical background, disaster assistance, poor assistance, special assistance, state assistance, clan assistance, neighbor assistance in pre-Qin period, etc. It makes overall research to the executed situation in the Pre-Qin period, the foundation of thought and the influence to afterward.The emerging of every social thought has its historical background, the thought of social assistance so as to. The first chapter of this article considers: in the Pre-Qin period, the frequently happened of natural disaster and war, heavy burden of rent and enslavement, and backward social productive forces, those factors make the people have nothing secure. They urgent need the state and society render necessary and promptly assistance to help them pass temporary difficulties. At the same time, so does is the important method to relax class contraction, keep social stability and maintain the interest of ruling class.Disaster assistance is the most important and abundant apart in Chinese traditional social assistance. The second chapters of the article mainly research the disaster assistance. Disaster preventing and assistance after disaster are two basic links in the thought of disaster assistance. The main method of disaster assistance includes: pay great attention to agriculture, increase grain reserved along agriculture development to against the famine, strengthen energetically the building of water conservancy project to lighten the serious threat and loss of agriculture and people’s life and property, caused by water and draught, improve ecological environment by protect forest, in order to prepare for and lighten disasters. After disaster happens, the main method include: entreating gods to remove disaster, opening store to relief, loan, relief disaster people by supplying work, sawing wealth, allocating supplies to victims, reducing rent and dispensing with service, giving gruel, etc. Besides, in the Pre-Qin time, because every feudal prince is so small that they can not against natural disaster and other misfortune along, so among the feudal princes especially in the alliance country had formed the thought of help each other to against famine.Widowers, widows, orphans, the elderly and childless, poor social members have been existed in every society, ruling class had to adopt certain measures to assistant them. The third chapters of the article specially research the poor and special assistance in Pre-Qin time from poor assistance, bring up old man and child,

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