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China's environmental and health assessment studies related laws and regulations

Author: LiXiaoMing
Tutor: YaoXiaoYuan
School: Disease Control and Prevention Center
Course: Occupational and Environmental Health
Keywords: Environment and Health Laws and regulations Legislative system Assess Elements of assessment
CLC: D922.6
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 146
Quote: 0
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Since reform and opening, China's rapid economic development has also brought serious environmental pollution situation. Environment and health issues become increasingly prominent. To combat environmental pollution, protect public health, the environment and our country developed a series of health-related laws and regulations. Legislative assessment work actively in our country in recent years, environmental and health assessment of the integrity of the legislative system is a weak link in existing studies. This paper describes the topics of the background and purpose, summed up China in the field of environment and health laws and regulations related to the status quo, a brief introduction of foreign countries and regions, mainly the legislative environment and health status. In this thesis, and summarized the relevant domestic legislation assessment methods based on the comparative analysis of proposed legislative elements of assessment methods, the environment and health of key elements of the legal system analysis and evaluation. Through domestic and international environmental and health legislation legislative purpose, legislative breadth, management system, systems and measures, technical standards, legal liability analysis and comparison of six key elements, and extensive access to relevant factors in the research literature, based on the various elements analysis and evaluation, and ultimately come to our environment and health laws and regulations related to the assessment of the results are as follows: (1) environmental legislation does not establish a center for health protection purposes; (2) the lack of environmental law, the content of health protection, environmental and health aspects of the lack of specialized legislation; (3) Environment and health management both at the national and local levels separated from each other, the lack of effective coordination mechanisms; (4) institutional measures, has established a relatively sound environmental monitoring and environmental impact assessment system, but the lack of appropriate health surveillance and environmental health impact assessment system has not been established environmental health damage compensation system, other systems there are some flaws; (5) the standard system is relatively sound, but in the standard location, coverage and advanced, in terms of coordination deficiencies; (6 ) liability set there exists the phenomenon of illegal low cost, environmentally inadequate to deter violations. Finally, the assessment results, this paper improve our environment and health laws and regulations of the countermeasures and suggestions: (1) The purpose of the transformation of environmental legislation, establish a health center in order to protect the legislative concept; (2) Improving the environment and health legislation system, and expand the coverage of environmental law as soon as possible the introduction of environmental and health aspects of special legislation; (3) the introduction of environmental and health management organizations Organization Act, a clear division of responsibilities of various departments and coordination mechanisms; (4) to supplement the existing lack of institutional measures to strengthen existing institutional linkages and health protection measures; (5) Improvement of environmental and health standards; (6) violations of the legal responsibility to strengthen and increase the penalties for environmental violations.

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CLC: > Political, legal > Legal > Chinese law > Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act
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