Dissertation > Excellent graduate degree dissertation topics show

An Analysis of the Problem-Solution Pattern in Research Article Abstracts

Author: ZhangLinLin
Tutor: YangYuChen
School: Northeast Normal University
Course: Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
Keywords: Problem-Solution pattern RA abstracts macro-perspective micro-perspective comprehension and composition
CLC: H052
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 76
Quote: 0
Read: Download Dissertation

Abstract


The Problem-Solution pattern (P-S pattern) has been explored by manyresearchers, in terms of the general pattern (Hoey, 1983), the clause relation realizingthis pattern (Winter, 1976), the grammatical and lexical signals (McCarthy, 1991) andanalysis from the corpus perspective (Flowerdew,2008). Nevertheless, no informationhas been provided as to how this pattern works with a certain genre. RA abstractsconstitute a genre in its own right which often pose a problem for SLL learners and isalso a neglected field of study. This paper explores the Problem-Solution pattern (P-Spattern) in RA abstracts from both macro and micro perspectives.The Problem-Solution Pattern was first proposed by Winter (1976) andHoey(1983) later elaborated on this pattern and applied it to various texts. TheProblem-Solution pattern was basically composed of four elements: situation,problem, response and evaluation. Winter (1976) designed a minimum discourse toexemplify this pattern:I was on sentry duty. --- SituationI saw the enemy approaching. --- ProblemI opened fire. --- ResponseI beat off the attack. --- EvaluationHoey(1983) argued that this pattern is the most common pattern of all minimumdiscourses and thus can account for a variety of text types. By observation, it is foundthat this pattern can also account for RA abstracts. The aim of this study is toinvestigate what particular features of P-S pattern the RA abstracts display and howthese features differ from the previous findings about the P-S pattern.50 RA abstracts from linguistics journals are collected and analyzed. From themacro perspective, the overall P-S pattern displayed by the RA abstracts areinvestigated and the macro-feature of each element of the P-S pattern are examined,showing its distinctive features from other genres. From the micro perspective, thetense and voice of certain elements are studied and the collocation and colligation forsome elements are also summarized.Findings suggest that the P-S pattern in the RA abstract displays features of itsown and thus provide further evidence that RA abstracts compose a genre in its ownright. At the same time, the research results also complement the research of the P-Spattern, providing more information about the pattern.The findings have implications on how RA abstracts are constructed from the functional approach and offer new ways of abstract comprehension and compositionfor learners. What’s more, the research results also shed light on how vocabulary canbe taught from a top-down approach.

Related Dissertations

  1. On Lii Language Education Thought to Modern Language and Literature Teaching,G633.3
  2. A Contrastive Study on Textual Cohesion of English and Chinese Research Article Abstracts,H315
  3. A Genre Analysis of an English and Chinese Genre Set: Research Article Introductions and Abstracts in Two Disciplines,H315
  4. A Study of the Problem-Solution Pattern in English Majors’ Writing,H319
  5. Form and Content: Coherence in Argumentative and Expository Texts from a Macro Perspective,H05
  6. An Analysis of Translation Shift as a Strategy to the Translation of the Lion King,H059
  7. A Study of Text Features in English Argumentative Writing for Chinese English Majors,H319
  8. Micro- perspective of the contemporary Chinese women's rights,D442.6
  9. A Corpus-Based Intertextuality Analysis of the Reportage on Shanghai World Expo,H052
  10. A Comparative Study of News Reports from the Perspective of Appraisal Theory,H052
  11. Configuration discourse semantic space research,H052
  12. Corpus-based Sino-US economic discourse critical analysis,H052
  13. Multimodal Discourse Analysis of Movie Posters from Functional-semiotic Perspective,H052
  14. Analysis of the context of advertising discourse from the Cognitive Pragmatics learn angle,H052
  15. An Analysis of the Dynamic Nature of Text-A Systemic-Functional Approach to Discourse Analysis,H052
  16. Systemic Semiotic Approach to Multimodal Discourse Analysis of Business Advertisements,H052
  17. A Study of Power in Legislative Discourse- A Perspective of Cda,H052
  18. An Adaptation-based Approach to the Intertextuality of English and Chinese Advertising Texts,H052
  19. Realization of Cognitive Consistency in Female Commodity Advertising Language,H052
  20. Iconicity and Coherence in Literary Text,H052

CLC: > Language, writing > Linguistics > Writing and Rhetoric > Of Stylistics
© 2012 www.DissertationTopic.Net  Mobile