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A Study on Traditions of Ecological Consciousness of Ethnic Oroqen

Author: ZhangHuiPing
Tutor: ZhengXiaoXian
School: Beijing Forestry University
Course: Forest Management
Keywords: forest culture the Oroqen ecological consciousness eco-ethics natural worship
CLC: X2
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 427
Quote: 3
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Abstract


The Oroqen is one of hunting ethnic groups living in northern China, whose forest cultures and spirit worlds are full of ecological consciousness which was created over a long-term hunting practice. The significance of Oroqen culture is still great to the construction of modern eco-civilizations and sustainable development of forestry industry. Based on the rich materials and the wide investigations on the Oroqen, a research has been made to card, analyze and explain the spiritual cultures by adopting the methods of modern theories and multi-subject. The details are as follows:1. Systematically selecting and classifying the natural knowledge of ecological consciousness from the aspect of the relations between man and nature..2. Researching into the Oroqen people’s emotional expression of the ecological awareness. The myths, folk lore, divine songs and sacrificial ceremony of the Oroqen people was studied by using the methods of frame analysis and the results are as follows: natural emotions can be classified into 7 types: fear, opposition, adoration, love, gratefulness and repaying, being ashamed and command.3. Researching into the Oroqen people’s ecological ideology. In the way of analysis and motive classification, demonstrating the viewpoints that the natural worship of the Oroqen is way of expressing ecological consciousness in Shaman religious belief, and a course of apotheosizing nature, and a manner of people adapting to their environment, and also a wisdom of man adapting their behavior to natural environment, and that apotheosizing nature is the deification, anthropomorphizing, spiritualization to nature. And analyze the presentation of the relation between man and nature in the myth and the sacrificial ceremony of the Oroqen.4. Researching into ecological consciousness in the perspective of philosophy of science by using the methods of contemporary eco-philosophy, eco-ethics, eco-esthetics, discussing the characteristics of eco-philosophy of the Oroqen’s world view, and the attribute of eco-ethics of the Oroqen’s ethics, and the implication of eco-esthetics of the Oroqen’s esthetics. And clarifying the viewpoint of that the eco-ethics of the Oroqen is the base and support of modern ethics being a living culture, and the eco-esthetics is the final ideal and the optimum realm correlated with the relationship between man and nature under the mode of production and living of hunting.5. Explaining the appearances of eco-consciousness in folk custom of the Oroqen and the style and features of the folk custom.6. Constructing ecological consciousness system of the Oroqen, and discussing ways of inheriting the good traditions, and discussing the extension of the system in relevant nationalities adapting the theory of contacts, according to the logical relations of phylogeny.7. Analyzing the practical importance and significance of the traditional eco-consciousness supporting to contemporary eco-consciousness, eco-practice and forestry practice in the principle of materialism.In a word, the ecological consciousness of the Oroqen belongs to the ecological culture, and the production way of hunting is sustainable, and we must convert the traditional culture into modern style, and we must protect the cultural traditions first when we do modern environmental protection and ecological restoration, and we must be under the guidance of eco-ethics to construct the eco-civilization and forestry, and emphasize the soft strength of culture, and combine all the actions with the local and national cultures.

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