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The Changes and a Choice of Its Renovations about Property Order with Rural Area Land of New China after 1949

Author: WangAnChun
Tutor: WenRui
School: Fujian Normal University
Course: Modern Chinese History
Keywords: Agriculture field property right Rural area collective the reformation in Stock system Peasant
CLC: F329
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 682
Quote: 4
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Agriculture field system always is the key of rural area ’ s reforms ,For the righteousness lies in property right. The main body of a book, using the Yan Shan County agriculture field as an studying object, using home and abroad research result for reference, in theory and method of economics , history and statistics synthetically, introduces that the Yan Shan County land proprietary right before liberation;The land reform and The Change of the land proprietary right after liberation; The relation of establishing the collectivization and land collective proprietary right with develops of the agriculture; The history direction of the developing household contract responsibility system and rural area land property right reformation. The conclusions mainly are:First, the feudal land property right attained the higher clarity degree , but the difinitin of land property right was not clear, the right confronted many aspect or between light and dark assaulting and invadeing. Just as this , the peasantry earning right suffered damageing. The land reform In the first time of building up our country has eliminated the Yan Shan County feudalism landlord land ownership during the past 1000 completely , has built the peasant private land ownership, the system change of the land reform having produced the gigantic achievement effect , has also established a basis for building the new agriculture field. Henceforth develop socialism cooperative economy on the basis of "land to the tiller", by the fact that the agricultural cooperation turns individual small-peasant economy into socialist economy , but people’s commune system by the fact that the agricultural cooperation and collectivization move what be built having overturned the private land system of tradition completely.Second , the developed socialist economic cooperation on the basis of" Gengzheweijitian" , subversed the traditional system of private land , by the established people’s commune system by Cooperative and agricultural collectivization movement completely, The relationship between ownership of agricultural land had become disordered and unclear, hindered the development of agricultural production. However, as the "foundation" of the production team, the essence of land and other property rights is incomplete vague and inefficient.Third, Low collective economy effect has led to rural area long range poor. Face survival crisis , the peasant began to make a production contract going it alone spontaneously. The agriculture field is owned by the collective , the new system of peasant household household contract operation also establishes because of it. Starting from 1982 annual yan Shan County put family contract with remuneration linked to output management responsibility system into practice commonly in rural area, it own limitation and abuse appears right away unceasingly. Be only an empty title of "collective economy organizes " , that collective land proprietary right is difficult to effective exercise because of a subject of right hiatus . Collective land proprietary right also has often accepted controlling of country administration organizes because of it, collective benefit of peasant has suffered damage. This explained under household contract responsibility system, rural area land property order existence is still a lot of insufficient.This system can not adapt to the objective requirement of market economy develops at present not only, can not promote rural market development of the economy,but also becoming fetters and handcuffs of liberate already rural area productivity under many condition. Should found one kind of land property right clear and definite subject and the content land property order therefore , protect peasant’s land property right , stabilize rural area contractual right of land, and keep a long range invariable.Fouth , After Comparison of academic reform programme and recommendations about rural land property rights, At present the various advocations in theoretical circles have their advantages and limitations of each. Based on this understanding, this paper suggest the innovative ideas, that is, respecting institutional innovation, all the reform programme and recommendations of agricultural land ownership that academics suggest can be tryed.

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