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The Research on Government’s Ability Construction of Responding to Natural Disaster Event

Author: ZhouShuTao
Tutor: ZengQingZhong
School: Xinjiang University
Course: Administration
Keywords: Government response Natural disasters Ability construction
CLC: X43
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 95
Quote: 0
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Natural disaster has great even catastrophic effect on human society, includinghuman life, social order, economic environment, political environment and naturalenvironment. The effects are not only regional but also sometimes global, thereforeprevention and relief work to natural disaster is already a global activity andgovernments have already made efforts. Timely, accurate and efficient prediction andresponse to natural disaster emergency is a reflection of a government’s goodmanagement ability, also provide strong support to set up government’ authorityamong the masses, and is also a powerful weapon to maintain stability andharmonious development. Therefore, enhancing government’s ability to cope with allkinds of natural disaster events is an urgent and difficult task.This article take government’s ability to deal with natural disaster as researchobject, and the purpose is to provide beneficial reference opinions on government’swork in the field of natural disaster. This paper mainly use inductive analysis,comparison analysis and other research methods, the research is under the guidanceof China’s current crisis management theory and the study of plenty of relateddomestic and foreign work. First of all, this paper emphasis that the improvement ofgovernment’s ability to deal with natural disaster has great functions, so it has thesignificance of research. These three functions include political function, socialfunction and technical function. Secondly, in the field of natural disaster, theimprovement of government’s ability should follow the five principles in addition tothe principles dealing with general public crisis: the principle of scientificmonitoring, the principle of quick action, the principle of technical update, theprinciple of vertical and horizontal combination, the principle of combination ofnormality and abnormality. Then it discussed three aspects of ability elements thatgovernment should have in dealing with natural disaster event, firstly, emergencypreparedness ability, emergency response ability, recovery and reconstruction ability. In the process of government’s ability construction, only through evaluating andcomparison, can we know the defects and aspects need to be corrected, so the forthpart assessed government response to natural disaster, three objects were evaluated,including emergency organization, emergency guarantee measures and differentkinds of natural disasters. It pointed out that there are still problems in the abilityconstruction of government’s response to natural disaster event, and on this basis, thefifth part of the paper put forward countermeasures to improve government’sresponse ability.

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