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Status and Countermeasures of Rural Health Education in Gansu

Author: QianGuoHong
Tutor: WangYu
School: Lanzhou University
Course: Social Medicine and Health Management
Keywords: Gansu rural health education status investigation countermeasures
CLC: R193
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 28
Quote: 0
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Abstract


ObjectivesThe article aims to discuss the problems of current health education, put forward the thoughts and countermeasures, explore the opitimal working modles of rural health education based on investigation of health education status of rural areas in Gansu.MethodsThe health literacy and health behavior of residents in rural and disaster area were investigated using stratified sampling and cluster sampling method. The distribution and staff composition of health education institute, funds investment, network construction and work development situation of health education were analysed by statistical reports. The working attitude and existing problems as well as effective strategies were investigated by personal interviews.Resultsl.The health literacy level of rural residents in Gansu was5.30%, the rate of health concept and knowledge, health lifestyle and behavior habits, health skills were17.84%,3.38%and28.94%, respectively.2. Through the post-disaster health education, the health awareness rate of the residents in Zhouqu disaster area reached above75%(827/1100). The residents shared the same towel, never took a bath, drunk regularly were73.8%(446/604)57.83%(346/604).47.35%(286/604), respectively.3.There were20completely independent health education institutes.23of institution belong to the Patriotic Health Campaign Committee Office,43belong to the Health Bureau,8belong to the Disease Control and Prevention Centre in health education professional institutions. The total number of persons in health education institutions was reduced, however, the number of part-time staff was increased, while full-time staff was reduced in2010.4. Personal interview results showed,51.11%(92/180) of the surveyed suggested the health education about prevention of infectious disease should be carried out.48.89%(88/180) of the surveyed thought traditional Chinese medicine health care knowledge should be developed.43.89%(79/180) of the surveyed thought chronic disease including hypertension, cardiovascular disease, cancer and other should be educated;36.11%(65/180) thought the knowledge of food poisoning prevention and control should be spread.62.22%(112/180) thought the best methods of health education was face to face talking with doctor.52.77%(95/180) thought the best methods of health education was TV and radio propaganda.50.55%(91/180) thought wall posters and bulletin board were the best.40.55%(73/180)accepted the method of health classes.Conclusions1. The health literacy level and health behavior formation rate of the rural resident in Gansu were lower. It is very important that health literacy66items, food safety, infectious disease, chronic disease and traditional Chinese medicine health care knowledge were the contents of health education for the rural resident.2. The evaluation of intefering effect on health education after Zhouqu disaster showed that the health education after the disaster is very important for "NO Infectious Disease after Disaster ". The government should pay more attention to health education before or after disaster.3. The state of Gansu province and the following health education institutions is not perfect, personnel can’t meet the demand of new reform health education work. Governments at various levels should improve the awareness of the health education work, perfect the institutions, enrich the professional as soon as possible, ensure working funds and strengthen the health education work at the grass-roots level of performance appraisal.4. The government should establish the rural health education mechanism system, promote the "12345"health education modles for rural resident:An organizing and supervising mechanism, that is the health administrative department or health education insititute in the county; two agencies of health education implementing department, that are rural township hospitals and village committee; three groups of health education, students, the older and the women:four methods for health education, TV and radio propaganda, wall posters, bulletin board and health classroom; five contents of health education, health literacy66items, food safety, infectious disease, chronic disease and traditional Chinese medicine health care knowledge.

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CLC: > Medicine, health > Preventive Medicine,Health > Health care organizations and career ( Health Management ) > Health education and publicity
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