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The Interpretation of Gorky’s View of Literary Language

Author: WangHuiLing
Tutor: CuiHaiFeng
School: Liaoning University
Course: Literature and Art
Keywords: Gorky Literature Language
CLC: I045
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 25
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Maxim Gorky’s view of literary language formed after1920s, which was the matureperiod for his literature creation and the time he widely took part in social activities. Inhis two Chinese translation Essays and his letters between1894and1936, whenevertalking about literary creation, he must mention literary language. Gorky mainly aimed atnarrative literature when he talked about language problem, such as the language fornovel and play. Gorky regarded language as the most important factor among the literaryelements. He believed language is the foundation and soul of literature, which was theprior criterion for evaluating literary work. Accuracy, conciseness, vividness andsimplicity are the common characteristics of outstanding literary language. Theformation of Gorky’s view of language was not only influence by the certain social andhistorical background, but also related with his writing experience, reading experienceand multiple identities. If a writer wanted to improve his ability of language, he has tostudy folk language and literary language.This thesis analyzes Gorky’s view of literary language, which is mainly based onGorky’s two Essays and his literary letters between1894and1936. It tries to graspGorky’s view of language systematically and thoroughly, interpret the embedded value ofhis view as well as the characteristic of his outstanding literary language, find out thecauses of the formation of his view, and summarize his advice on how to improvewriter’s language accomplishment.This thesis includes five parts. The introduction part briefly describes the journey ofGorky’s literary creation; interpret the background and value of topic selection, researchmethodology and object, which tries to give an overview of the research topic.The first part is mainly related with the embedded value of Gorky’s view of literarylanguage, which believes language is the first important element of literature; language isthe major tool for literature; the skill for literary creation starts with language. Thesearguments are obviously pointed out in his relevant essays, from which we can say thatlanguage is the foundation for the development of literature.The second part is about the characteristics of Gorky’s outstanding literary language, which mainly includes accuracy, conciseness, vividness and simplicity. Thesecharacteristics are not only Gorky’s pursuit of literary language, but also therequirements for other writers, which are the common characteristics of all outstandingliterary language.The third part talks about the causes of the formation of Gorky’s view of language,which mainly includes subjective and objective aspects. From the objective view, it ismainly influenced by the turbulent social and historical background as well as thestimulation of unhealthy literature trend; from the subjective view, it is mainly influencedby his writing and reading experience as well as his multiple identities.The fourth part provides some Gorky’s advice on how to improve writer’s languageability. As for the advice, study is the everlasting truth. The writer has to keep studyingfolk language and literary language.The fifth part is the conclusion. It summarizes the value of Gorky’s view oflanguage, and adds Gorky’s other opinions about language which are not mentioned inmain parts.

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CLC: > Literature > Literary Theory > Literary Creation > Literary language
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