Dissertation > Excellent graduate degree dissertation topics show

A Rhetorical Comparison of the Argumentative Discourse of American and Chinese Hearings

Author: DaiYanXia
Tutor: ChaiGaiYing
School: Zhejiang Technology and Business University
Course: Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
Keywords: American and Chinese hearing rhetorical comparison argumentativediscourse
CLC: H313
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 15
Quote: 0
Read: Download Dissertation


Public hearing was introduced into China over ten years ago, but it has not been adjusted to the conditions here (Tang,2010). One of the most important reasons is the weakness of argumentation in Chinese hearing discourses. This thesis employs Vancil’s argumentative model for policy-question controversies, Toulmin’s argumentative model and Aristotle’s appeals (logos, ethos and pathos) to construct an analytical framework of hearings, for the purpose of making a rhetorical comparison of argumentative discourse of American and Chinese hearings.The thesis takes speakers’statements of four American and Chinese hearings from official websites as data, displays hearings’argumentative processes by Toulmin’s argumentative layout, observes the type and frequency of argumentative elements, and then investigates the similarities and differences of American and Chinese hearings discourses.Data analysis demonstrates that both American and Chinese speakers employ the basic DWC argumentation schema, the similar types of Data, and mostly the negative rhetoric. The differences are:(1) The macro-schema of American hearings’argument is chain pattern, while Chinese one dot pattern.(2) Comprehensive Claims are more in American hearings, while Motive Claims are salient in Chinese ones.(3) American hearing speakers employ more abstract reasoning, appeal more to the reputation of a third person and arouse multi-emotions in audience. And Chinese speakers prefer the concrete reasoning, show good moral characters and appeal more to mercy. Degrading a third person only appears in American hearings.(4) More Rebuttals are used by American speakers than Chinese speakers. Similarities are due to the common argumentative characters of human’s nature and the hearings’argumentative nature. Differences are mainly due to their different dominant cultures, thinking patterns and democratic politics. Chinese speakers can strengthen their awareness of argument, speaker and audience.

Related Dissertations

  1. Rhetorical Comparison of Print News Writing in China and the West,H315
  2. Comparisons of Taste Words in Uyghur, Chinese and English,H136;H313
  3. Functional Analysis of Intensive English word,H313
  4. Comparative Study of Chinese and Abbreviations,H313
  5. A Contrastive Study on Pragmatic Strategies of Humorous Speech Acts in Chinese and English Sitcoms,H313
  6. A Pragmatic Approach to Gender Differences of Complaints in Friends,H313
  7. The Analysis of the Memetic Phenomena in The Simpsons,H313
  8. A Comparative Study on Politeness Strategies in Chinese and American Sales Promotion Ads of Consumer Goods,H313
  9. Reinforceability as One of Conversational Implicature Properties: a Contrastive Study between Chinese and English,H313
  10. Metaphor from the Perspective of Chinese animal proverbs contrast,H313
  11. Differences in Chinese and English Euphemism and its revelation of Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language,H313;H195
  12. On the Pragmatic Effects of Linguistic Taboos in English Films from the Perspective of Adaptation,H313
  13. A Critical Discourse Analysis of Ideology in Kung Fu Panda,H313
  14. A Study on Pragmatic Strategies of Speech Acts in Business English Correspondences,H313
  15. The Pragmatic Analysis of Hedges in American Web News,H313
  16. Transitivity Analysis of Verbal Humors in the Modern American Sitcom Friends,H313
  17. Analysis of Dialogues in Sons and Lovers from Relevance-theoretical Perspective,H313
  18. A Corpus-based Study of the Pragmatic Functions of English Progressive Aspect,H313
  19. Cognitive Interpretations of Transformations in English Idioms,H313
  20. Relevance Theory-Based Analysis of Discourse Marker in American Presidential Political Speeches,H313
  21. The Study of English Expletive Based on Theory of Adaptation,H313
  22. Studies of Colloquial Discourse Markers in Friends from Perspective of Relevance Theory,H313

CLC: > Language, writing > FOREIGN > English > Semantics,vocabulary,semantic
© 2012 www.DissertationTopic.Net  Mobile