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Research on the Writ Communication System of Southwest Area in Song Dynasty

Author: TianQing
Tutor: YuXueZhong
School: Chongqing Normal University
Course: History of Ancient China
Keywords: writ communication system southwest area inn delivery post Songdynasty
CLC: K244
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 71
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Writ communication system in song dynasty is a series of writ posting andcommunication systems which are based on delivery post system. In order to seek fullcontrol of social information flows of grass-root units in southwest area which is theimportant part of Zhao Song dynasty, Song court positively built writ communicationsystem in this area. As a whole, Song dynasty constructed a writ communicationsystem, including land writ communication subsystem and waterway writcommunication subsystem. And land writ communication system contains four trunklines, namely Yong-Gui to capital line, Yi-Guan to capital line, northern Chengdu toShanxi government line, Mianzhou to Zizhou line. Water subsystem have three trunklines, namely Chuan Xia river line, Jialing river line and Xiang river line. This writcommunication system not only has the general characters of Song writcommunication system, but has its own little specialties, showing a dumbbell shape asa whole.Specifically, the writ communication system in southwest area is more dispersedin the time dimension of distribution. That is to say, there is strong succession andcontinuity among the system and ahead and offspring systems. Of course, there is stilla little difference. From the special dimension, waterway writ communication systemoccupies a higher proportion and distributes more dispersed in states. Besides, fromthe road level, it shows a relative concentration. This distribution trend is both areflection of southwest area society and is a demand of efficient operation of writcommunication system itself.However, any writ communication system will have some problems in dailyoperation, no exception of Song. Until the late period of northern Song, the systemhas gradually to disorder. Every dynasty took measures to renovate in order to keep itsoperation. But after the Xiaozong, the writ communication system in this area hasbeen walking on the brink of collapse. And it has basically cannot be called acommunication system in Ningzong, only a part of it in operation. Region–wide scalewrit communication system, as to meet the need of whole area, could be saidcollapsed and barely maintains were unknown after Lizong. The barely maintains were disappeared completely after Meng (Yuan) forced into the region.To some extent, the long-run existence and operation of writ communicationsystem of southwest area in Song meets the needs of quick delivery of armyinformation. And with the writ communication organizations, there has become ainformation net distributed in every social corners, promotes the communication of allkinds of information. Meanwhile, many communication organizations of the systemlocated in main traffics and communication lines, and have influence on regionalpublic security. The writ communication system also has influence on regional publicsecurity with the construction regulations.

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CLC: > History, geography > History of China > Feudal society ( 475 BC - AD 1840 ) > Sui and Tang period ( 581 ~ 1840 ) > Song : Northern Song Dynasty ( 960 ~ 1127 )
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