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Marx’s Economic Analysis of Civil Society and Its Philosophical Significance

Author: RanHaoZhi
Tutor: WangCuiYing
School: Northwest Normal University
Course: The philosophy of Marxism
Keywords: Civil society Economics Political country
CLC: A811
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 37
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Understanding modern society is the core of the individual and overall, or is therelationship between the individual and the social community, Smith is moreemphasis on the organic links of the modern individual and society. He believes thatthe individual and overall economic activity is not the opposite, the economicactivities of individual self-interest is not only not with the public interest,contradictions, and instead may promote the public interest. Individual to participatein the system of division of labor and exchange which will be under the mediation ofthe "invisible hand", and social unity.Smith’s social understanding Hegel with great inspiration. Overall, and Smith,Hegel almost have the same social awareness, his particularity principle of civilsociety and the universality principle of the unity between the two in Smith, thereseems to be able to find a prototype, in this sense Hegel is a Smith advocates. Hegel,through profound bother to learn the national economy of Adam Smith, to determinehis state and civil society theory with economics in nature. Hegel’s concept of civilsociety is the economy for the background of the economic category. But Smith’spoint of view, Hegel, civil society, whether portrayed as the freedom of privateeconomic sphere, and above it there is always a popular political state to complete thesocial welfare function.I hope to rely on beyond the power of civil society to resolve the internalcontradictions of civil society, which is a fundamental characteristic of Hegel’sthinking about civil society. Hegel’s separation of state and civil society and rationalthe state decided that the idea of civil society, greatly influenced Marx. As mentionedabove, Marx thought of civic society formation process it is from faith to suspect thatto the criticism of the process of this rational state and civil society concept. May beprecisely because of this, Hegel civil society is only as a transitional forms in theethics of self-alienation morphology and development of human history. Thisunderstanding later had a profound influence on Marx.Members of the public social theory of Marx, we can say is from public criticism of Hegel’s social theory. In the economic provisions of the Hegelian concept of civilsociety to give up the national philosophy of Hegel, Marx turned to the study ofpolitical economy. That adhere to the position of the state and civil society for Marxto complete the transition from the state to civil society and toward the creation ofhistorical materialism, as well as open cited the political philosophy of greatsignificance.

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CLC: > Marxism,Leninism,Mao Zedong Thought,Deng Xiaoping Theory > Marxism,Leninism,Mao Zedong Thought,Deng Xiaoping's theory of learning and research > Study and research of Marxism > Study and research of the writings of Marx and Engels
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