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Lenin thought of peaceful coexistence form and in rich and the development of contemporary China

Author: XuXiaoJing
Tutor: SunJianShe
School: Nanjing Normal University
Course: Scientific socialism and international communist movement
Keywords: Lenin peaceful coexistence peaceful development harmonious world
CLC: D091
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 1
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Abstract


Peaceful development and win-win cooperation are the theme of the era. Only if the whole world is in harmony can the human civilization and progress be promoted. Pursuing peace is not only the expectation and wish of the people all around the world, but also the focus of all the circles of life. At present, the main stream of the world is peace, but some uncertainties that may influence the world peace still exist, with small-scaled local conflicts often breaking out and serious frictions between countries of different social natures. So it is a long way to go for realizing a real peace in the human society.Firstly, this paper gives a thorough analysis of the historical background and realistic foundation of Lenin’s thoughts on peaceful coexistence, and makes an exploratory research into the developing course of his thoughts with the changing international and domestic situations as well as the evolution of Russia’s national interests. Secondly, the paper studies in detail the thoughts such as "democratic" peace, peace without "ceding territory and compensating","the Brest Treaty" peace which were emphasized by Lenin in his early years, and other thoughts that were proposed by him in his later years such as realizing peaceful coexistence with western countries by means of business cooperation, Concession as the new form of economic contact with capitalist countries, participation in the Genoa conference and establishing diplomatic relationships with Germany. Thirdly, the paper examines the connotations of Lenin’s thoughts on peaceful coexistence including advocating power balance as the base of the peaceful coexistence between Soviet Russia and capitalist countries, adhering to the principle of sovereignty independence and non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, sticking to mutual benefit and cooperation as the bond of peaceful coexistence, insisting peaceful coexistence through peaceful competitions and struggling and pointing out the theoretical value and practical significance of Lenin’s thoughts on peaceful coexistence. Finally, the paper describes the contemporary enrichment and development of Lenin’s thoughts in China. It has draw the conclusion that the five principles of peaceful coexistence and the thoughts on peace and development as well as building a harmonious world which are proposed by Chinese contemporary leaders after the founding of New China are the most scientific and latest diplomatic strategy in accordance with the changing of the world’s situation and our country’s interests. All these diplomatic thoughts are the continuity and development of Lenin’s thoughts on peaceful coexistence.The Communist Party of China sticks to combining the basic principles of Marxism with Chinese practices, and adapting Marxism to the Chinese reality in the new era. The same is to Marxism peaceful thoughts. Guided by Lenin’s thoughts on peaceful coexistence and based on domestic and international situations, the Chinese Communist Party has made many theoretical innovations such as " five principles of peaceful coexistence"、"adherence to pursue the peaceful development road " and "striving for building a harmonious world ". The Eighteenth National Congress of the CPC points out that today’s main theme is peaceful development and win-win cooperation, which explains Lenin’s thoughts on peaceful coexistence in a deep and exact way. It has a great theoretical and instructive significance on our country’s socialist diplomatic career as well as the realization of the world’s lasting peace.

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CLC: > Political, legal > Political Theory > History of Political Science,History of Political Thought > World History of Political Thought
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