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Research of Deliberative Democracy——Theory and Reflection

Author: ZhouJiEn
Tutor: ZhouFaYuan
School: Hunan Normal University
Course: Political Theory
Keywords: Deliberative democracy Theory Reflection
CLC: D627
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 299
Quote: 0
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Deliberative democracy theories is in the eighty s to the Renaissance of a democratic theory. In just less than20years of development and attract a large number of political thinkers to join, western political ideology of a few big generation BiXing characters all join in the research of the deliberative democracy theories, such as rawls, habermas, etc. With the arrival of the multiple social reality, the original account for the election has been mainstream democratic theory, appeared the limitations of its peculiar. Democratic election we often appear "most people tyranny" and a few legitimate rights be damaged, election democratic preference aggregation only reflect preference order and not reflect the strength of the preferences, the democratic election appear with the minority is subordinate to the majority rules that the contradiction and so on. Deliberative democracy theories requi-rements in a political community, its members based on its reasonable interests and public interests, and on the basis of freedom, equality, tolerance and rational to public affairs by discussions, debates and continuous introspection parties view, in the pursuit of public rational, and fight for the consensus in the process to make their political judgment process. It can promote the rational achieving, realizing the equality of political legitimacy, and public policy and science of political enthusiasm, improve the citizens of political culture and improve health development. In the process of the development of the deliberative democracy, if can of positive factors of democratic elections to come in, to negotiate the vote again a democratic form, which can improve the legitimacy of the public policy and scientific, also can improve the performance of democracy. Deliberative democracy can make people’s preference for conversion, to draw close public reason; Democratic elections can make preference can be gathered together, with the rapid and effective way to express the views of the people. After negotiations on a more democratic vote, which can improve the legitimacy of the public policy and scientific and can solve the problem of low deliberative democracy performance, especially in our could not cope with the challenges of the modern democracy for theorem has the great significance. In the political election or public policy formulation, citizens although started with a different preferences, but by all the members based on public rational basis of discussion, the citizens of the preferences are made to, change, so that citizens can slowly preference to public rational near, and then through the election of the new democratic citizens preferences together, the voting process can through individual preference order that social preference order, can make’the public decision to agree. Such effective combination is the development direction of democracy, will also is the key of the contemporary democratic, can promote the development of the theory of democracy, and promote the progress of democracy.This essay, from the following five chapters to discuss deliberative democracy theories, the first chapter for the introduction, this paper introduces the topic selection significance, deliberative democracy at home and abroad and the research dynamic this research method and thinking. The second chapter of the deliberative democracy history origin, produce the reason and the main content of the deliberative democracy. The third chapter will analysis of deliberative democracy produces three theoretical origin, namely "interaction theory","positive freedom theory", political liberalism "and deliberative democracy from theory foundation as well as the social basis. The fourth chapter will focus on a few of deliberative democracy theories core concept (namely" public good ","political equality","preference conversion") and deliberative democracy advantages and limitations. Chapter5of deliberative democracy will presents the author’s opinion. Through the five chapter of negotiation theory of screen and reflection, can make us understand the context of the western deliberative democracy theories, aware of key significance of the concept of clear advantages and limitations of the deliberative democracy. This for our correct understanding western deliberative democracy theories, absorbing the essence of deliberative democracy theories to guide our country’s democratic political construction has the very vital significance.

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CLC: > Political, legal > China's political > Political system and national institutions > Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
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