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The national community construction from the perspective of communication studies of Hui nationality newspapers "Moonlight" research

Author: MaChengMing
Tutor: ZhangJiYu
School: Shaanxi Normal University
Course:
Keywords: The modern press Hui nationality newspapers The Yueh Hwa National community
CLC: D633
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 142
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Late19th century and early20th century, with the end of the rule of the Qing dynasty Chinese society, including political, economic, and cultural changes in various fields. The deepening crisis of the Chinese nation started in the Great Powers invasion, strongly resist invasion and save from danger has become the Chinese people’s sacred mission. Understanding the advanced intellectuals to decisive effect in the awakening of the national consciousness on the rise and fall of country, life and death, will open people and national salvation movement in the equally important positions, through established vernacular newspaper, and other ways to save the Chinese nation in distress. Climax has undergone two newspapers of China, gradually became the main vernacular writing, as a carrier medium, its influence gradually infiltrated all areas, especially in the field of thought, bringing disruptive change.Benedict·Anderson in his book Imagined Communities said,"capitalism, the printing technology and fate of human language diversity, the coincidence of these three, makes it possible to an imagined community of the new situation."The birth of printing technology has brought changes in human society, printed language" in a specific combination readers created one of these ships, the brides, the bishop and prices belonging together common and imagined community ". Theory of imagined communities, with its special emphasis on the important role of printing technology and questioned. Questions aside, theory is that the community is based on imagination, religious pluralism and territory; classical dynasties change in declination, time concepts, interaction between capitalism and printing technology and national development of the dialect is the determining factor. Interaction of all these factors contributed to the transformation of culture, also stimulated the awakening of national consciousness. On modern Chinese intellectuals, cultivation of modern national consciousness is open people aim is also a means of achieving salvation. Rise of the vernacular newspaper, national, nationality and country has the modern significance of the concept are widely spread, building a national community consensus. Intellectuals of the Hui nationality as part of the intellectuals of the Republic of China, also the same historical mission shouldered, a large number of Hui nationality newspapers have emerged, began to build the Hui ethnic community efforts. Islam in China in the Tang dynasty completed the process of China’s Ming and Qing dynasties, of the Hui nationality in the form of a special people. Their thinking, language, culture, life, and so reflect the two features of Islamic culture and Chinese civilization, between Islamic civilization, religion and Chinese civilization’s language system. It is different Hui from other minorities in the big family of the Chinese nation’s most obvious features. The modern revolution also brought the change to the Hui nationality. Hui people’s movement as the May4th Movement expanded, including new trends and other new thought in the Islamic world started to constantly shock formation remains inherent in the idea of the Hui nationality. After each dynasty past oppression of the Hui people formed a national character as a whole.They attached importance to commercial and religious, ignoring politics and education. As changes in modern times, awakened Muslim intellectuals aware of the close relationship between religion and the State, the nation and the State, issued the "patriotism" strong voices and active participation to the attention of the awakening of the people. Hui nationality newspapers as one of the most influential media became the platform of the intellectuals of Hui delivery the new ideas. States, concepts of Islam, Ethnic, Hui nationality became concerned about the issues of core.To exploring its purpose that lies in Hui nationality’s cultural concept of this loose structure built with a modern sense of national community, especially Yueh Hwa. I will study the Yueh Hwa, tried to explore the background of the birth, development, content analysis, to answer how to show during their running in the attempts of the ethnic community? The decisive factors of the theory of imagined community in the Yueh Hwa and how to achieve it? And what is the difference?To resolve the above questions first to answer what is the Hui nationality press? Hui press is founded under the academe and mass as a core to the expected audience, popular social issue-oriented, and to publish Hui and Islamic culture spread as the main content of the newspaper. Incomplete statistics, Hui nationality press from1906the first newspaper founded in modern times to the founding of new China, has published a total of more than270species. It takes on a wide range of coverage and the number of large and rich in content and other features. Research on Hui nationality newspapers as one of the important subject of study of the Hui nationality, multi-ethnic country such as China has a long history, is of great value. Compared to other newspapers research review, newspaper belonging to the minority class was left out of the state. As a representative of the Hui nationality newspapers, records in the late1920of the20th century the Yueh Hwa to Muslim social change before the founding of new China, its research contribute to a deeper understanding of this period Islamic socio-political, economic, cultural, and ideological aspects of character. But in terms of current research situation, it is only at an early stage. I will view of communication, theory of imagined community case studies as the main line of the Yueh Hwa, exploring ethnic community building capabilities of the media.This seven-part:Introduction part analysis of the origin and significance of the research and the research present situation and existing problems of the modern Hui nationality newspapers, and Yueh Hwa, evaluation and research on the status and existing problems of the times, and the Institute of ideas and methods.Chapter I includes three problems. It includes Hui nationality newspapers and stages of development in the context of the times, the founding and development of the Yueh Hwa changes as well as changes in the process demonstrated by the ethnic community. Author thinks that Hui nationality newspapers based on social factors and factors of the two main factors. Social factors includes new deal in the late Qing dynasty opened the gate of China’s modernization, promoting social transformation in modern China. The revolution ended the feudal reign, China national industry and commerce have started and developed, it laid the material basis for newspapers are available. Turbulent times forced the Hui nationality’s Hui community of intellectuals also started thinking about problems and the future and destiny of the country. Ideological factors includes the modern world new ideas, the new culture movement of Islam and Islamic culture in modern China and more, form the ideological basis of the Hui nationality newspapers. In relation to its stage of development, from the development to the process of dying, I divide it into three stages, sprouting period, flourishing period and period of defeat and transformation. The second question discusses on the Hui nationality intellectual significance of the emergence and development of the Yueh Hwa, and a perspective of editing and publishing the Yueh Hwa experiencing changes four times in the relocation process, include the purpose of the adjustment, the cover page and column settings, operating conditions, and so on. The third question discusses the Yueh Hwa in its historical changes in the construction of the national community, believe that spreading technique development of Hui people gradually abandoned the system in other languages, and select the characteristics of a national system of Chinese language as a national language. At the same time, the Yueh Hwa changes across the countries of the north and south of the show out of the unique "map function", after the Hui people in tough shape a virtual space that can be imagined, to seek psychological comfort and sense of national belonging. Chapter II focused on how the Yueh Hwa set the ethnic community in the issues sets. Media agenda setting function have "top down" and "bottom up" two different ways. The Hui social awakening of the first Muslim intellectuals in the period of Republic of China Group, they started newspapers such as campaigning, attempting to wake up people to resist foreign aggression. So with regard to these issues set of the newspaper, is to select the first way, that is a "top down" approach. This chapter mainly through carding successive editors of the Yueh Hwa and analysis on key issues of concern to the author when the topic type set by the Yueh Hwa, and explored the Yueh Hwa members is how to pursue the construction of ethnic communities in question set.Third to the fifth chapter is content analysis of many of the core issues of the topic of the Yueh Hwa. Core topics include political ideas, social surveys and country pursuit of three aspects. I tried to analyse the Yueh Hwa in three changes of thought on the subject construction of national communities to examine the question set.Chapter III mainly discusses the related political content of Yueh Hwa, from the analysis of the three parts. The first part is analysed about the ideal color to early vision of political cooperation. The second part is the analysis of the core concept of "interpretation of the Koran to explain war". It mainly through the interpretation of the Koran on the war’s "inspiration" and tell the story of Muhammad to publicize the concept of Muslim’stateview and worldview, actively calling on people to actively participate in the anti-Japanese movement. Part three explores how the Yueh Hwa members as representatives of Muslim intellectuals fight for National Congress of representatives course based on the nationalities equality, and explanation of Hui people participating in need, also proposed a national representative of the Hui nationality claims of rational politics.Chapter IV discusses the investigations of the Muslim community about Yueh Hwa. According to the analysis of survey results, they thought that education is at the root of resolving the social existence of the Hui nationality problems and seek to develop. The first part describes the origins of the investigation about Yueh Hwa. The second part summary compiled the survey data, it eludes on population, education, religions and livelihood. According to survey data summarized in third part about the Chinese Hui community development predicament in that time and in-depth interpret the thought of "Hui community in education is the solution root".Chapter V focused on the pursue process about Hui scholars on their big country dreams. It’s mainly through the suggestions in both development and foreign relations. The first part analyses the Yueh Hwa concerned about the early conception of development especially in the Northwest of Xinjiang production and construction and its practical significance. The second part is firstly teased the national diplomatic practice of Yueh Hwa members and their international issues. Then discuss the characteristics of the times of their national observation, and the analysis of the cognitive basis of their foreign relations. Finally, analyses the significance about two things above.Looking back at the three core issues, from the concept of political change, social survey and the implementation of national diplomacy are closely related to the construction of Hui compatriots agree with each other. Social investigation for construction national community provides has population foundation; investigation data for in more large range within change Hui people behind of education concept provides has reality pursuant to; national diplomatic of carried out then for is suffered aggression of Chinese sought international assistance and support, second by and Arab world of "pilgrimage of travel", based on religious of common point to sought national community in world range within of recognized. If China seeks development was pursued gradually forming virtual communities in the Northwest of curing, then seek international support and recognition through national diplomacy is the pursuit of national fixed-line strategy of the community.Conclusion part analyzed the reasons why the Yueh Hwa was the longest-running, spreading the broadest most newspapers of the Hui news history in modern Chinese. It includes vivid language expression and acceptable to the public, and go with the purpose to meet demands of the times and so on. The most important is the Yueh Hwa for the Hui people of ethnic communities to provide a platform, and reflect the efforts of their ethnic communities. I teased the theory of imagined community of the decisive factors in the building by the Yueh Hwa media platform is how to achieve that.

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CLC: > Political, legal > China's political > State administration > Ethnic work
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