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The Research of Administrative and Operating System of Chinese Competitive Sports Symbolized the Combination of Government and Market

Author: LiChangGao
Tutor: SunYouPing
School: East China Normal University
Course: Physical Education and Training
Keywords: Combined-type of the Government and Market management system management system operating system
CLC: G80-05
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 54
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The management system of competitive athletics in China is born of the planned economy. However, along with the development of the Times, social progress, the economic and social system’s preliminary transformation, the original system has been showing not adopt to the social development gradually, and it’s inner and deep-seated problems are also becoming more apparent,mainly reflected in several acpects:.First The overweight of centralized government,which limits the sports’ market-oriented developmentChina’s athletics’management system is born of the planned economic system, which has strong political overtones. The key of the reform, that the management system which led by the govervent, in fact, is self-reform. In recent years, the government’s powerful management in some respects limits the process of market-oriented development of the competitive sports, which mainly in the details of the market-oriented management of excessive government interference in the sports market, that limited the project of market-liberalization management.Second The powers which divided from the government and market is confusionCombined-type management system can play both of the government and market’s advantages, but this management system faced enormous challenge in terms of division function and powers. Who is the last implementation of management rights, or how to distribute the management rights?Third Lack of related laws and regulations.There are two subjects exist of the combined-type management system at the same time. Many issues, such as how to distribute the management rights, attribution of interest, and the accountability system, etc. are required perfect system to escort.Fourth The unsustainability of cultivation methodThe cultivation ideals which take the gold medal as the center, that result the low education lever of the athletes, social competitiveness, and the difficulty for the athlete were employmentFifth The employment channel is narrow; policy-related placement is just for minorities.The employment rate of retired athletes is very low. Professional restrictions make obtain employment channel is narrow. Policy-related placement is for a little number of elite athletes.Sixth Security system is not perfect, and lack of the regulatory measuresThe lack of high-risk sports insurance mechanisms and protection system, which result that the supervision department is not in place.From the thorough investigation of the five problems above, I think that through the following method:the government should decentralize, in order to have macro-control over the competitive athletics; separation of management from handling, promoting entity reform of the associations; improve the relevant laws and regulations, clarification of property rights, strengthen the legal management; adhere to the human-oriented development concept; pay attention to the social benefit of the competitive sports to achieve a better combination of China’s athletics management system of government and market.

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CLC: > Culture, science,education, sports > Sports > Sports theory > The relationship between sports and other disciplines
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