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The Impact of Opponents’ Non-verbal Behaviour on the First Impressions and Outcome Expectations of Table-tennis Players

Author: WangLei
Tutor: LiangJianPing
School: Southwestern University
Course: Physical Education and Training
Keywords: Non-verbal behavior first impression outcome expectation perceive
CLC: G846
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 23
Quote: 0
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Abstract


In competitive sports performance judgments in sports are quite common. For example, the result of an athletic contest, either judged by objective standards (such as swimming time) can also be judged by objective scores (such as soccer goals), or by subjective judgments to be assessed (such as figure skating scores) and so on. In sports, in addition to judging the performance of referees in sports, the coaches often involve judgments on the performance of athletes, athlete’s performance between the judge and so. For example, a basketball coach for the team to pick the best players, but also to evaluate the ability of athletes; tennis player to choose the right strategy in the race to determine the performance of its competitors; gaming sector experts for their own The stakes are expected to profit, but also to assess in advance of the football team. Therefore, studying how to improve athletic performance is important to judge the accuracy and meaningful.While in the field of China-related research is limited, but overseas studies have confirmed that sporting events will be the impact of individual perception, and this process is likely to contest the results also have important implications. Non-verbal behavior of athletes, to provide information to others main body posture, physical activity, eye contact and dress. These clues have been related to social interaction studies confirmed that indeed there is the potential impact of perception of others. Therefore, the study of how athletes before the formation of an impression on the competition rivals and competitors for the competition level of what behavior and performance expectations will be very valuable.At present very few people from the sports psychology, social cognition research in the field of non-verbal conduct of athletes on the track between the effect. Purpose of this paper is the goal of players before the game by studying the performance of the various types of non-verbal behavior on first impressions and expectations determine the impact to the mutual perception between athletes preliminary exploration. Invites a high level table tennis players (n=11) watched the four warm-up before recording paradigm. Participants after watching each video clips to fill in the questionnaire on the image and the rival is expected to survey results. Experimental design with 2×2 pairs, including two independent variables, each independent variable has two levels, that is, different body language (positive/negative) and sports apparel (Special/General), with the repetition of these two self-Surveying variables. Multivariate analysis of variance showed that when the opponents dressed in special clothing or sports show positive body language, the participants will give opponents more active, more appreciation of the evaluation, and vice versa. The results also showed that wearing normal sports clothing and opponents than the opponent wearing a special sports clothing, the participants of the results expected to be higher; in the case of wearing the same clothes with the opponents to show negative compared to body language, when the opponents have shown a positive body language, the participants have higher expectations of the results. Therefore, the results showed that athletes will use some of the early social interaction available information to form impressions of others, and the chance to win games early to judge the point is established. Preliminary validation of the sporting events the potential importance of nonverbal behavior. The preliminary study confirmed that the use of relevant theories of interpersonal perception to understand the athlete before cognitive, behavioral origin, or even the expected results, are feasible.

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CLC: > Culture, science,education, sports > Sports > Ball games > Table tennis
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